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Innis Family Tree

My first search was in Ancestry and simply for John Ennis (the spelling from the 1850-1860 census) to see if I could follow both John and his son John, who was born about 1824. Amazingly, one of the records that came up was a death record for John W. Ennis from the Kentucky Death Records, 1852-1953.1 The record lists his parents as John and N. Ennis. He died 7 Aug 1853 at the age of 28 in Warren, Kentucky. It also lists his place of birth as Warren, Kentucky, but I can almost ignore that – after all who would have reported these deaths? The thing that lends real weight to this entry is the information about his parents. If it just said John Ennis I would probably have moved on, but it’s John and N. Ennis which certainly narrows that down. He died a day ahead of his son Henry, who was born about 1850. Henry’s parents are listed as John and Rebecca Ennis.2

I believe that this John W. is the oldest son of John H. and Nancy Innis who was born about 1825. This is the John that I was questioning on the 1850 census who was indexed as John R.K..

I got very excited by Ancestry’s collection of Kentucky Births, 1852-1910 and Death Records 1852-1953, until I realized that Morgan and Clinton County were not part of the returns included in the database. I also had little luck in the Marriage Records – it’s all a conspiracy against me.

Actually, it’s time for a little history work Clinton County. A Google search for Clinton County Kentucky Genealogy took me to MyKentuckyGenealogy which has history and information on each of the Kentucky counties. According to their site for Clinton County, Most records were lost in a courthouse fire in 1864. Another fire in 1980 destroyed some records.”

However, it appears that will and probate materials exist from 1863.

According to the same site for Morgan County, “Courthouse records were lost twice: in Oct 1862 and in 1925.” Although it looks like land and marriage records are available from 1823 and probate records from 1866.

1. Warren County, Kentucky, John W. Ennis, 7 Aug 1853; digital image, The Generations Network, Inc., “Kentucky Death Records, 1852-1953,” Ancestry (http:www.ancestry.com: 24 Jan 2010).
2. Warren County, Kentucky, Henry Ennis, 8 Aug 1853; digital image, The Generations Network, Inc., “Kentucky Death Records, 1852-1953,” Ancestry (http:www.ancestry.com: 24 Jan 2010).

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Scholefield Family Tree

I am certain that I have pushed back another generation with the names of Harmanus DeGraff and Susan Thomas; however, what were the names of all of their children and their parents? Earlier I found that Susan had a brother named Alonzo, so searching for information about him might lead me to a better picture of the family.

To do that, I searched “sideways” by looking for Alonzo “De Graff” in Google, I find an online index indicating that his name appears in Washington Frothingham’s History of Montgomery County on Page 30.1

Whenever I find a reference to an old book (one likely to be out of copyright) I check two places: Google Books and Internet Archive. Frothingham’s History is available and below is the (somewhat funny) computerized transcription of Alonzo’s biography (so, yes, I haven’t edited it! and there are too many errors to put [sic] in everywhere).2

blockquoteDeGraflT, Alonzo H., Amsterdam, was born in the town of Amsterdam on the 12th of Deceuiber, 1846, and was educated in the public schools and Amsterdam Academy. He enlisted twice, first on the 1st of June, 1862, in Company C, 25th N. Y. S. N. Guard, an then re-enlisted June 17, 1863, in Company M, 14th N. Y. Heavy Artillery, and was promoted to first sergeant, then to second lieutenant, and also to first lieutenant, and was discharged as captain of the same company in September, 18G5. He is by profession a civil engineer and has had charge of the construction of several important railways, and is now superintendent of the Amsterdam water works. On the loth of December, 1S75, he niariied Mary M., youngest daughter o£ Fay Smith, of Northampton, Fulton county. They have five hving children: Harry \V., Helen M, Carlton R., Mary and Alonzo H., jr. Mr. De Graff’s father, Harmonius, was born at the old home in the year ISOO, and married Susan Thomaf, the latter a native of Scotland. They had six children, three of whom are living: Helen M. Schofield, who resides in New York ; Alonzo H., and Susan D. Miller, who resides in Michigan. Tlie ancestry of the family is Dutch and Scotch. Captain De Graff has the distinction of engineering the present extensive Amsterdam water works which fully prove his skill in hydraulic apparatus. The city is thus supplied, from a distance of twenty-five miles, with an abundant sup|>ly of pure water, which is one of the most inestimable of earthly blessings.

The mispellings in the above mean that many of the search terms I would have tried would not have turned up this result! FYI, you can also view the original pages to create your own transcriptions.

However, even with mispellings, this is a great source because it gives me additional leads to follow up on!

Research Plan:

  1. Investigate information about Harmanus’s birth date (1800).
  2. Check into Helen and Alonzo’s sibling.

1. Barbara Lewis, transcriber, Names Index to 1892 History of Montgomery County, NY (http://montgomery.nygenweb.net/montbioindex.html : accessed 31 Oct 2009).
2. Washington Frothingham, editor, History of Montgomery County; embracing early discoveries, the advance of civilization, the labors and triumphs of Sir William Johnson, the inception and development of manufactures, with town and local records, also military achievements of Montgomery patriots (1892), 2 parts, 2: 30; digital images and compterized transcription, Internet Archive (http://www.archive.org/details/historyofmontgom02frot : downloaded 31 Oct 2009).

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Scholefield Family Tree

Here is another instance which proves that when you are using online searches you should spice up the variety.

When I search on Google for “Arnold Scholefield,” I get the results that I have previously presented (the books about Abigail’s family and sources that relate to his ministry in the Methodist-Episcopal Church).

When I search for “Rev. Arnold Scholefield,” I return two results about Harriet Hall which report that she was his daughter. Now, just to be sure that she is not the child of a man who shared the name, one of the sources is a query from USGenNet.org’s forums that states that the father, a methodist minister, had been buried in Siloam Cemetery.1

blockquoteDr. Harriet E. Hall died at Whitesboro on Jan. 19, 1867, aged 38 yrs. Her funeral was held at the Free Church in Peterboro, NY, with Gerrit Smith as the principal speaker. She is buried at Peterboro with 2 of her children. Her husband was Julius C. Hall; he is not buried with her. She was the daugher of Rev Arnold Scholefield, who is buried at Siloam, near Peterboro. He was a Methodist minister. Does anyone know why Harriet had the title “Dr.”?2

As I write this post, USGenNet’s forums have fallen victim to a hacker and they cannot be accessed directly. However, I can use Google’s caches to my benefit — and did — to get as much of the text as possible. I did this by using “phrases” near the beginning or end of the search results preview. However, I have no way to contact the author for possible collaboration on the research which has already been completed.

And I can answer the question — whenever the forums come back online. Harriet was indeed a Doctor. A Google search for “harriet e hall” turns up a page titled “History of Homœopathy and Its Institutions in America.” Mrs. Harriet E. Hall of Peterboro was a member of the first class of students who attended the New York Medical College for Women, the first woman’s homœopathic medical college in the world, and she graduated in 1865.3

The second result returned by the altered search leads to a transcription of Peterboro Village Cemetery, confirming that “Hall, Harriet F., wf Julius C. & dau Rev. Arnold Scholefield, d. 19 Jan 1867 ac 38yr.”4 This introduces a different middle initial, but Es and Fs can be easily confused. And when a check is run on Find A Grave, it is noted that this second transcriber reports her name as having the E and gives her vitals as 1828-1867.5

Based on the information from these sources, Harriet “Hattie” E. Scholefield married Julius C. Hall and they had at least the following children: Julius Hall (7 July 1851-22 Feb 1868) and Stannie Hall (Aug 1859-7 Mar 1862).

It appears that Harriet was actually the youngest daughter of Arnold and Abigail Scholefield. It does not suprise me that I placed Charlotte in the wrong spot on the chart because of her widely fluctuating reported age.

1. See post dated 21 Apr 2009.
2. “Dr. Harriet E. Hall,” Oneida County, New York, Queries Board, message forum (www.usgennet.org/usa/ny/county/oneida/webbbs/queries/index.cgi : accessed 16 Jun 2009).
3. William Harvey King M.D., LL.D., History of Homœopathy and Its Institutions in America; online edition, HOMÉOPATHE INTERNATIONAL (http://www.homeoint.org/history/king/index.htm : downloaded 16 Jun 2009), Chapter IV: New York Medical College and Hospital for Women.
4. “Peterboro Village Cemetery,” transcription (http://freepages.misc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nc99usgw/cempeter.txt : accessed 16 Jun 2009), entry for Hall, Harriet F.
5. Jim Tipton, Find A Grave, database (http://www.findagrave.com : accessed 17 Jun 2009), entry for Harriet E. Scholefield Hall (1828-1867), Peterboro Cemetery, Peterboro, Madison, New York.

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Scholefield Family Tree

As I push back, I am attempting to discover information about Arnold’s reported father — Sir William Scholefield. Unfortunately, there are no conclusive matches when using a Google search for his name as an exact phrase. Searches for Scholefields in Nova Scotia or in England also don’t turn up any matches.

Additionally, census searches for likely William Scholefields, Schofields, or Scofields don’t pan out. There are no matches in areas where Arnold lived. I could spend time to access each and create a full spreadsheet which indicates which possible men had a son of the correct age. I may do that, but I will work on Arnold’s wife Abigail’s family which may point in some additional directions.

Therefore, I am at a dead end right now on the direct line Scholefields.

However, this is a good time to mention the importance of knowing the name of a place as well as the name of a person. The information that Arnold was born in Nova Scotia doesn’t help anymore than a report that a he was born in England. To work effectively on an immigrant from England who was born before 1837* a researcher needs to know the name of a parish before the subject can be located. The same is true of other countries because many records were held by local jurisdictions instead of state juristictions. In Nova Scotia, according to the Nova Scotia GenWeb Project, there are eighteen counties, any one of which might be the place where the Scholefields lived. The same need for the name of a specific place applies to older American records. The fact that the US Federal Census images (with indexes) are available online mean that it is easier for a person to trace family members back to 1850. With a bit of skill one can sometimes find family back to 1790

* Countrywide civil registration of births, marriages, and deaths began this year. These records are therefore available at the national level and are indexed.

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Scholefield Family Tree

Since it is possible that Arnold and Abigail were Charles’s parents, the next step is to gather further information about them.1 George’s biography points in some interesting directions.

blockquoteOf interesting ancestry, the best remembered of the family is the paternal great-grandfather, Sir William Scholefield, who was born in England, as was his son Arnold, the paternal grandfather. Arnold Scholefield was a dissenter from the Church of England, and in consequence was disinherited by his father, who cherished the old-time intolerance of all save his own method of worship. In search of broader and more liberal fields in which to preach the gospel as propounded by the Methodist Church, Rev. Arnold Scholefield came to America, and ministered to the spiritual necessities of his locality in New York state until his death.2

However, could all of the details of this sensational story be true?

Google Books has several resources that support the fact that Arnold was a reverend. He is listed in the Cyclopaedia of Biblical, Theological, and Ecclesiastical Literature3 and also the Troy Conference Miscellany.4 Both report that Arnold was born in Nova Scotia — not England. The longer biography in the Troy Miscellany reports that his parents were believed to be natives of the United States. He became pious at a young age and was admitted on trial to the Reading Conference in Connecticut in May of 1810 when he was about 22 years of age. He became a travelling preacher and served in Vermont, Connecticut, and New York. He became ill in 1828, which served to remove him from active ministry, returned in 1831 and died in 1836 or 7 (each source reports a different year) of Paralysis. He and his wife had been visiting friends and he was stricken near Palatine on the trip home. His wife took the reins and got him to the nearby tavern and he died a few days later. Reports were that he was a great minster, a lively preacher, and was well liked.

And apparently his family didn’t rate a mention… But, these articles directly call into question the report of his birth in England. It is still possible that his parents were born in England (as one source only “believed” his parents to be US natives). Nothing is found to support the assertion that Arnold’s father was a “Sir William” or that this father was a religiously intolerant person. The reports about Arnold were written in 1854 and 1889 — the biography for George was written in 1901 — and Arnold had died in the mid 1830s. It seems that the stories about him may have become more exaggerated as time passed.

One last fact about Arnold for now — a Google search led to his burial location. He was buried in Siloam Cemetery in Siloam, Madison, New York.5 He died 22 July 1836 at age 49. This places his birth date at about 1787 and agrees with the above mention of him being age 22 in 1810. The cemetery transcription states that he was “an itinerant minister of the Methodist Church for 26 years.” Siloam is about 75 miles away from Palatine.

Research Plan:

  • Search for facts about a Sir William Scholefield who was having children about 1787 in Nova Scotia.

1. See post dated 8 Dec 2008.
2. See post dated 13 Nov 2008.
3. Rev. John McClintock DD and James Strong STD, editors, Cyclopaedia of Biblical, Theological, and Ecclesiastical Literature (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1889), 12 volumes, 9: 426; digital images, Google Books (http://books.google.com : downloaded 21 Apr 2009).
4. Rev. Stephen Parks, editor, Troy Conference Miscellany: Containing a Historical Sketch of Methodism Within the Bounds of the Troy Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, with Reminiscences of Its Deceased, and Contributions by Its Living Ministers (Albany: J. Lord, 1854), 126-133; digital images, Google Books (http://books.google.com : downloaded 21 Apr 2009).
5. “Siloam Cemetery,” transcription (http://freepages.misc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nc99usgw/cemsilo.txt : accessed 21 Apr 2009), entry for Scholefield, Rev. Arnold.

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Scholefield Family Tree

Well, since what has been found only allows at a possiblity that Arnold and Abigail were Charles’s parents, it is time to cast our net a bit wider and look (or “relook”) at some additional resources.

A second websearch turns up an entry for Charles from politicalgraveyard.com which has a secondary subtitle of “The Web Site That Tells Where the Dead Politicians are Buried.”

blockquoteScholefield, Charles M. – of Oneida County, N.Y. Republican. Member of New York state assembly from Oneida County 1st District, 1859, 1862; alternate delegate to Republican National Convention from New York, 1868. Burial location unknown.1

This supports the biographical data already located. Additional resources on Google Books also list him in several lists of New York Assembly Members.

Another look at GenealogyBank (remember that re-searching is a good thing!) turns up some facts that help to spin a story about this person — the type of story that keeps me interested in genealogy because it makes the person metaphorically come alive. One of the collections available on the service is the “U.S. Serial Set (1817-1980).”

Several documents in that set reveal that Helen applied for a pension based upon her husband’s service in the Civil War.2 However, before she could receive relief, a small matter of $10,000 which was reportely owed to the goverment had to be settled.

During the war, Major. C. M. Scholefield was acting additional paymaster for the Army of the United States. His duties included recieving and paying out large sums of money and filing the resulting accounting statements and vouchers. When he was discharged, he settled the accounts and repaid to the government all monies that were outstanding. Or so it seemed. About a year before his death on 21 Nov 1869 it was discovered that an advance of $10,000 was made which he did not report as income and had not repaid at his discharge. This caused the government to lay claim to the money. A legal battle followed and the eventual verdict was that Scholefield’s signature had been forged. It took a congressional bill to negate the debt which had appeared due. Once the debt was cleared about 1882, it can be assumed that Helen recieved her pension.

1. Lawrence Kestenbaum, “Index to Politicians,” database, The Political Graveyard (http://politicalgraveyard.com : accessed 20 Apr 2009), entry for Scholefield, Charles M.
2. U.S. Congress, “U.S. Serial Set (1817-1980),” database with images, GenealogyBank (http://www.genealogybank.com : accessed 20 Apr 2009), House of Representatives Report No. 327, 47th Congress, 1st Session (February 1882).

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Scholefield Family Tree

Today was a re-search of what is available in the Hayden Collection at Arizona State University in Tempe (about a 2 hour drive from where I am). The collection is searchable from their Special Materials Index which also contains other resources. I have already located a biography of James Armour Moore (Clara’s father) written by Senator Carl Hayden.1 The senator researched many pioneers of Arizona. The library has digitized and made available the biographies he wrote. However, they did not digitize the source materials that he included in his research files. Additionally, over one thousand research files contained no biography and are only indexed. Therefore, this is again a file where I run searches for all of the surnames: Scholefield, Moore, Crampton, Kenyon, Connell and Fitzgerald.

In addition to James Armour Moore, Henry S. Fitzgerald is the only one with a digitized biography.2 It incorrectly states that he married Sarah J. Crampton when he actually married her sister Mary E. Crampton, so the rest of the information should be taken with a grain of salt, but it says about him that he:

blockquoteArrived in the United States when he was 6 years old; enlisted, age 16, in the 5th New York Infantry, (Colonel Abram Duryee’s Zouaves) to serve during the Civil War and was promoted to 1st Lieutenant in that Regiment; received three severe wounds at the first Battle of Bull Run. After his discharge f’rom the Army he came to Arizona in 1865; he was Postmaster at Yuma, in 1873. Died at Yuma, A.T., June 23, 1880.

With that information, I can resolve some of the issues I was having with tracing his wife. She was not divorced in 1910 (unless there was a marriage in there after which she took back her first husband’s name).3 And, if I again want to look for her in 1900, I should be looking for a widow.

Additionally there is some “cool stuff” that can be accessed with a trip to the library (which would cost money and is therefore outside of the scope of this project). At least the internet has made it easier to locate this stuff — otherwise we might not know it ever existed! Here are the highlights:

Chas. T Connell, Susan Moore’s husband, wrote a piece entitled An Early Day Story, 1908 which was about the Apache Indians.

A manuscript entitled James Armour Moore : Notable Pioneer of Arizona exists.

There is also additional information in the Hayden files for: Charles Kenyon, Henry Fitzgerald, and James Armour Moore.

1. See post dated 14 Sep 2008.
2. Department of Archives & Special Collections, “Arizona and Southwestern Index,” database and images, Arizona State University Libraries (http://info.lib.asu.edu/spmi.htm : accessed 2 Jan 2009); Biography of Henry S. Fitzgerald, item no. 4506; citing “Hayden Arizona Pioneer Biographies Collection” compiled by Senator Carl Hayden.
3. See post dated 3 Nov 2008.

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Scholefield Family Tree

Ok, this is something that I classify as cool, but some others may not.

On the Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records site (where the Arizona Biographical Index is also located) there is a Photo Index. Once again, searching for all surnames which might be relevant, we turn up a list of photos. I am providing links to the information about each photo below. I am doing this because the thumbnails which are provided on the site are low quality and are prominently labeled. The Archives reserves all rights to the photos, but will make copies of them for a fee — see their website.

Clara Ann Moore Scholefield and her twin sister Susan Armour Moore Connell about 1890.
Their brother James Arthur Moore in 1889.
Their father James Armour Moore in 1869 in San Francisco.
Their mother Matilda Jane Burnett Moore about 1878 in San Francisco and a second photo taken about 1890.
A group photo at Fort McDowell in 1867 which includes Capt. James A. Moore, J. F. Crampton, and Charles H. Kenyon.
A photo taken at Globe about 1882 which includes J. Arthur Moore and John F. Crampton.
A group photo at the Old Dominion Commercial Company taken about 1890 which includes Arthur Moore.
A photo of the Moore’s Lodging House taken about 1890 (this is likely the hotel that Matilda Jane and James Arthur were running in 1880).
A photo taken in Yuma about 1880 in front of a store and the water works which includes Henry S. Fitzgerald (in 1880, Henry was a merchant — so it might be his store).
A photo of Sarah Jane Crampton in 1882 and again about 1890.
A photo of Mary Ellen Crampton about 1882 and a second taken about 1890.
A photo of John F. Crampton as a boy about 1875 in San Francisco, again about 1884, again about 1900, and again in 1917.
The Old Dominion Mine in Globe in 1885 including John F. Crampton
And one of John with his wife Rovilla Snelling taken in 1882.

The photos were quite a find for the Moore family — at least one of every sibling. Unfortunately, there weren’t any for George’s side.

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Scholefield Family Tree

Sometimes genealogical research happens in a very random manner for me (as you have probably noticed). I will work a bit on one person and then work on another person when I find myself at a minor dead end. Or I will work with one type of record, searching for ANYONE who might possibly be mentioned, meaning that I am looking at such a wide variety of people a person needs cue cards to keep up.

My use of the Arizona Biographical Database at this time is one of the situations where I will search for many people. Check my previous post if you get lost in all of these names. Luckily I have already located most of the infomation which they have indexed through other searches, but one never knows if there is more to find (or something newly indexed).

The Internet Text Archive, contains several of the texts that appear in the database. The archive contains scans of the pages as well as full text transcriptions. These books will appear if one does a search on Google for the title (add author and/or publication date if the title is not unique). I use the Google search because it will also catch digitized books on Google Books and other private sites.

Names cross-checked in the full titles available on the archive which did not provide any additional information: Kenyon, Crampton, Fitzgerald, Moore.


A biography that is an excellent find was this one for George P. Scholefield from the Portrait and Biographical Record of Arizona:1

blockquoteNow extensively engaged in the cattle industry in the vicinity of Tucson, Mr. Scholefield was bom in Utica, N. Y., May 23, 1860. Of interesting ancestry, the best remembered of the family is the paternal great-grandfather, Sir William Scholefield, who was born in England, as was his son Arnold, the paternal grandfather. Arnold Scholefield was a dissenter from the Church of England, and in consequence was disinherited by his father, who cherished the old-time intolerance of all save his own method of worship. In search of broader and more liberal fields in which to preach the gospel as propounded by the Methodist Church, Rev. Arnold Scholefield came to America, and ministered to the spiritual necessities of his locality in New York state until his death.

The father of George P. Scholefield, Charles M., was born in Cooperstown, N. Y., graduated from Union College, and in after years became one of the prominent attorneys of the state. He spent the greater part of his active life in Utica, N. Y., and was a law partner of Roscoe Conkling. During the Civil war he enlisted as second lieutenant of a company of New York regulars, and was finally raised to the rank of major. He was affiliated with the Republican party, and served for three terms as assemblyman, and for one term as state senator. He arose to a high place in his profession, and was, with Chauncey M. Depew, attorney for the Vanderbilt railroads. He was also a prominent Mason, and identified with the most advanced undertakings of the city in which he lived. Mr. Scholefield lived to be fifty-two years of age. His wife was, before her marriage, Helen M. DeGraff, who was born in Amsterdam, N. Y., and a daughter of Emanuel De Graff, a native of Holland, and a farmer in the Mohawk valley. Mrs. Scholefield, who now lives in New York, is the mother of four children, of which George P. is the oldest and the only son.

In Utica, N. Y., George P. Scholefield received his early home training, and when eleven years of age became a page in the New York state senate, and after a service of two years, became a messenger in the New York assembly. He was later a clerk in the assembly for three years, and in the meantime had been diligently attending the public schools and later was graduated from high-school at Utica. In 1879 he became associated with the territory of Arizona, as auditor for the Centennial Mining Company, and after the expiration of a year was connected with the Old Dominion Copper Mining Company for a period covering four years. Incidentally he had become interested in the cattle business, first on the Coon creek, until the Tonto basin feud, and in 1885 he established a ranch in Pima county where, until the present time he has engaged in raising cattle and horses. The ranch is forty miles southeast from Tucson, in the Santa Rita mountains, and is one of the most successfully conducted affairs of the kind in the county.

It is doubtful if any in the territory are better informed on all phases of the cattle business than is Mr. Scholefield. In this connection he had received extended appreciation from his fellow cattlemen even before locating in Tucson. From the passing of the law requiring an inspector, he filled this important position from 1894 until 1898, at which time he located in Tucson. He was then reappointed inspector of district No. 3, and in 1899 started a live-stock commission business, real estate, mines, etc. He has built a residence in the city. At different times he has been associated with various organizations in the city and county, and was deputy collector of customs for two years. He was also secretary of the South Arizona Stockmen’s Association, which is now discontinued. Fraternally he is associated with the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. In politics a Republican, he is an ex-member of the county and territorial central committees, and has held several local offices within the gift of the people.

In Globe, Ariz., Mr. Scholefield married Clara A. Moore, a native of San Bernardino, Cal., and a daughter of Capt. James Moore. Captain Moore was born in England, where he became in time a sea captain. Upon immigrating to America he still followed the fortunes of the deep until 1849, when he left behind him the roving life upon the main, and settled down to the mining of gold in California. When the fever had worn away he became interested in the stage business and ran a daily overland stage coach with six horses, between Yuma and Tucson. When the advent of the railroad diminished the receipts of the time-honored and now almost obsolete stage coach, he turned his attention to mining in the Globe district, where he eventually died. His wife is still living at Globe. To Mr. and Mrs. Scholefield have been born three children: Armour, who is superintendent of the home ranch; Helen, and Carl.


Research Plan:

  1. Check for photographs that are indexed in the database.
  2. Check the Hayden biographies for indexed vertical files.
  3. Research the information provided in George’s biography about parentage.

1. Portrait and Biographical Record of Arizona: Commemorating the achievements of citizens who have contributed to the progress of Arizona and the development of its resources (Chicago: Chapman Pub. Co., 1901) 879-880; digitized text, Internet Archive (http://www.archive.org : accessed 13 Nov 2008).

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Scholefield Family Tree

Since I had such success searching for Clara’s side of the family, I’ll try George’s.

First, George himself. To make sure that Google does not automatically “correct” my search I have to put his last name in quotation marks. To narrow further, I also add the name of the state — Arizona. Alternately, I can remove his first name and search with other terms — Tucson, City Council, Rosemont, Greaterville, Helvetia.

The first searches turn up this blog. There are also links to NewspaperArchive.com which link to articles in the Tucson Citizen that report what was happening X number of years ago. When searching with the town names it turns up mostly materials discussing proposed mining in the area because of the spring and canyon which bear the family’s name.

Useful results include a list of Tucson City Councilmembers which reports that George P. Scholefield was elected on 4 Jan 1904 and resigned 2 Jan 1906.1 He served four full half-year terms. Results from the papers already explained the political situation behind the resignation.2

What is most ironic is that Charles M. Scholefield came up in a search for the last name and the state because he was listed on the Political Graveyard site. Another politician on the site was from Arizona. The entry for Charles reports that he was from Oneida County, a republican, served the 1859 and 1862 terms as a reprentative to the New York state assembly from the 1st District, and was an alternate delegate for the Republican National Convention in 1868.3


Changing our search to — charles “scholefield” new york — reveals a Google Books hit in the book Biographical Sketches of the State Officers and Members of the Legislature of the State of New York, in 1859.4

blockquoteMr. Scholefield was born in Goshen, Conn., and is thirty-six years of age. He is the son of a Methodist clergyman, and is one of the same stock to which Sir Henry Scholefield belongs. His paternal grandfather was a Major in the English army for some years, and distinguished himself as a brave and skillful officer. Mr. Scholefield was educated for the profession of the law, and completed his legal course of studies in the city of Utica. He afterwards began the practice of his profession at Whitestown, in that county, where he still resides. He has held the position of Deputy Clerk in the Assembly for several years, and is one of the best parliamentarians on the floor of the House. He is a ready, fluent, and energetic speaker, and seldom allows a discussion to arise in which he does not participate. He has a clear, logical mind, but has the bump of language largely developed, and is a capital fellow to speak against time. He was originally a Whig, but joined the Republican party at its first organization, and is strongly in favor of uniting all the Anti-Democratic forces in the State upon a common platform, as the only safe and reliable means of defeating the National Administration Democracy. Mr. Scholefield is a gentleman of prepossessing personal appearance; is still single; and seldom arises to address the House, without attracting the attention of the fairer portion of the spectators who constantly crowd the gallaries and the open space without the bar of the Chamber.


Additional hits within Google Books return more confirmation that he was an assemblyman from Oneida — which also confirms the 1860 Census which named him as a 37 year old Assembly Member.5 These two records point to a birth year of 1823 and one points to New York as his place of birth and the other Connecticut. The year of birth is quite different than the one on his grave marker (which was likely placed in 1920 at his wife’s death 51 years later and may not be accurate). These facts will need to be checked against additional sources.

Searches using Oneida instead of New York don’t turn up additional useful hits. Also a search for — helen degraff “scholefield” — doesn’t turn up anything we haven’t already located.

Research Plan:

  1. Check 1850 Census for clergymen with the last name of Scholefield who are possibly married to an Abigal.
  2. Check New England Ancestors for Scholefields.

1. FairElect – Tucson, Tucson City Mayors and Councilmembers (http://www.fairelect.org/Elections%20Past/MCHistoryList.pdf : accessed 16 Sep 2008).
2. See post dated 7 Sep 2008.
3. Lawrence Kestenbaum, “Index to Politicians” database, Political Graveyard (http://politicalgraveyard.com : accessed 16 Sep 2008).
4. Wm. D. Murphy, Biographical Sketches of the State Officers and Members of the Legislature of the State of New York, in 1859 (Albany: C. Van Benthuysen, 1859), 217-218; electronic text, Google Books (http://books.google.com : accessed 16 Sep 2008).
5. See post dated 1 Sep 2008.

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