Hutcheson Case Study

Here is another record which reports Oril’s date of birth which was within his lifetime — and theoretically present. However, it provides another possible date of birth for him.

The third registration for the draft for World War I called men of Oril’s age.1 The maximum required age was pushed back from age 31 to age 45. A man had to sign his registration card, attesting to the fact that the information was correct. Even with that attestation, there have been errors.

The card I am interested in states:

blockquoteOril O. Hutcheson2
320 E 12th St., Tucson, Pima, Ariz.
Age 44, Date of birth: August 23rd, 1874
White, Native born citizen
Ry Conductor for Southern Pacific
Nearest Relative: Mrs. Ettie May Hutcheson

Errors can creep in simply through human error — or they can be introduced if someone chooses not to tell the truth. If you think about it, Oril likely didn’t have a birth certificate (they just weren’t that common around 1880), so how is anyone going to prove that he lied?

In this case, two years before, he reported he was was 38 years old. Now he says he is 44. Why fudge? Self preservation. The draft cut-off was 45 so the likelihood that Oril would be called if he said he was 44 was slim. If he had reported that he was 40, and the war dragged on for another five years, he could have been drafted. (According to his death certificate and headstone, his correct age at this time was 41.)

1. Encyclopedia of Genealogy (http://www.eogen.com : accessed 17 Dec 2010), “U.S. World War I Draft Registrations”.
2. “World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918,” database and images, Ancestry.com (http:\www.ancestry.com : accessed 17 Dec 2010), Oril O. Hutcheson, serial no. 296, order no. A4755, Draft Board O, Pima County, Arizona; citing World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918.

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Innis Family Tree

I want to look at the siblings of Thomas Roberts Innis and see if I can finish off this generation. I understand from Sue that all his siblings are deceased. I really wanted to answer the question about Pauline not being on the 1920 census, so I searched for her first. I found her in 1920 in Leadville, Lake County, Colorado.1 She is in the household of Ed F. and Emma Seabert and listed as a niece. It is interesting to note that Edith is also in the household on the day of the census so she is enumerated twice in 1920; on 2 January in Leadville and again on the 13th in Denver with her mother Loula. Pauline [indexed as Imse] appears on the 1930 census in Denver still living with her aunt Emma Sebrt [sic] who is now a widow.2 I had to do a specific search of the 1930 census for her as Pauline, no last name, born 1908 in Texas, living in Colorado to find her. I have no information on a marriage or her death. I’ll check with Sue and report back.

Blanche as noted in the previous post appears on the 1910 and 1920 census. The first search on Ancestry revealed her California Death Index record under the name Blanche Zitnik.3 My confidence is high as the record shows a father of Innis and mother of Roberts. Her birth date is 4 April 1904 and her death is 3 Sep 1980. In 1930 Blanche is living in the same house as her mother, but she is the wife of Charles P. Hannen and has a son.4 I had noticed there was another family in the house with Loula and when I could not find a Blanche Innis on the records, I went back and looked. Her husband Charles is the last person on the page with Loula and Thomas R., and Blanche is on the following page with her son.

By 1930 Edith Innis has married Ralph E. Cowles and is living in La Junta, Otero County, Colorado with their two children.5 I have not located her death information yet.

There is some interesting material and some confusion for me on the Gattis question. I went back and took a hard look at the World War I Draft Registration for Oscar Lee Gattis. Ancestry has two posted with the same name and birth date, but they appear to be duplicates. The occupation is listed as ‘none’ and next to the name in parenthesis is the word ‘Jail.’ So it looks like Mr. Gattis was not out earning wages in September 1918. If he died it would seem to be between September 1918 and 13 Jan 1920, the date on the 1920 census for Loula.

I find an Oscar L. Gaddis on the 1910 census in Denver as a Lodger in a boarding house and his occupation is engineer on the railroad.6 He is single on this census, so he and Loula must have married between 30 April 1910 (the date on the census from Texas) and (theoretically) before Eddie’s birth on 10 Mar 1913. Eddie’s Find A Grave memorial lists his place of birth as Fort Lupton, Weld County, Colorado – yet another confusing point. I found no census records in 1920 or 1930 for Oscar. I did a variety of searches using alternate spellings and wild cards, but I had no luck. I have listed his death date as before 1920 with no location. I also had no luck finding information on either GenealogyBank or NewspaperArchive.com .

Searching for materials utilizing only online resources in Colorado is not the easiest thing – the amount of information online is simply underwhelming. As is always the case, some counties are great, but Denver is – just – well – not! I am constantly surprised that states won’t put up at least an index of items by year if not by date – especially death records. You can find a Social Security Death listing from three months ago, but not a death certificate index from a state for 50-100 years ago. Bless those states that are putting records up! The lack of records online in Denver is just annoying the heck out of me so I will set it aside for the moment and go work elsewhere for awhile.

1. 1930 U.S. census, Otero County, Colorado, population schedule, La Junta, enumeration district (ED) 11, p. 8B, dwelling 186, family 198, Edith Cowles; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 10 Jan 2010); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T626, roll 248.
2. 1930 U.S. census, Denver County, Colorado, population schedule, Denver, enumeration district (ED) 63, p. 5B, dwelling 77, family 110, Pauline Innis; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 10 Jan 2010); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T626, roll 234.
3. “California Death Index, 1940-1997,” database, Ancestry (http://www.Ancestry.com : accessed 10 Jan 2010), Blanche I. Zitnik.
4. 1930 U.S. census, Denver County, Colorado, population schedule, Denver, enumeration district (ED) 241, p. 6B, dwelling 97, family 105, Blanche [Innis] Hannen; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 10 Jan 2010); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T626, roll 237.
5. 1930 U.S. census, Otero County, Colorado, population schedule, La Junta, enumeration district (ED) 11, p. 8B, dwelling 186, family 198, Edith Cowles; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 10 Jan 2010); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T626, roll 248.
6. 1910 U.S. census, Denver County, Colorado, population schedule, Denver, enumeration district (ED) 74, p. 16A, dwelling 324, family 339, Oscar L. Gaddis; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 11 Jan 2010); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T624, roll 114.

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Scholefield Family Tree

I feel that I have gotten close to a stopping point on this Scholefield Tree. My searches into the ancestral lines are not yielding results.

However, the internet is changing all the time. Since our defined limits for these cold genealogy projects for unrelated individuals state that only online research will be conducted, the information explosion is something to keep in mind. My last task before wrapping up and writing a report on the Scholefield family, is to make sure that nothing new has appeared on the internet and that I have looked at all of the things I planned to research.

Once that has been completed, the project really won’t be finished, but it will be to a point where I will want to write up what I know and put it aside. Maybe someday I will return to it.


First thing I find: In regards to Harmanus, I wanted to look at the nearby families and a pension record on Footnote that could have belonged to a family member.1 The censuses weren’t conclusive — I couldn’t even locate the pensioner who was living with Harmanus in 1830.

The pension records didn’t reveal anything helpful. John/Johannes DeGraff was born 19 Aug 1754 in Glenville, Albany (now Schenectady), New York, to Claas and Ariaantje Schermerhorn.2 He provided his baptismal record and described his service during the war. But he didn’t say anything about his current family. This is the correct John because his application states he was currently living in Johnstown, Amsterdam County, New York.

However, the later censuses for the family (after Harmanus’s death) reveal some interesting bits of information.

The 1850 Census for the DeGraff family listed:3

Susan Degraff age 33
Hellen age 10
Catherine age 9
Alonzo age 4
Susan age 3

On the same page are the families of: Frederick Degraff age 51, John J. Degraff age 44, and John Degraff age 40.

By 1860 Susannah and Alonzo are alone in the home, surrounded by DeGraffs: Abm DeGraff age 53, John A. DeGraff age 50, Frederick DeGraff, age 61, John G. DeGraff age 44, Garret DeGraff age 30, Emanuel Degraff age 50.4

The 1870 Census listed:5

Susan DeGraff age 51
Susan DeGraff age 22
Alonzo DeGraff age 24
Mary V Scholefield age 8

Again we see some of the same names appear nearby: John A. Degraff age 61, John G. DeGraff age 65, John P. DeGraff age 33, and Abram DeGraff age 62.

These censuses point to some questions!

Research Plan:

  1. Investigate Catherine from the 1850 Census. Was she a daughter?
  2. Where did Susan DeGraff, child of Harmanus and Susan, go during the 1860 Census? Could she be living with family?
  3. Is it possible that some of the DeGraff men who live nearby could be siblings of Harmanus? Or are there just too many of them to tell?

1. See post dated 30 Nov 2009.
2.”Revolutionary War Pensions,” database and images, Footnote (http://www.footnote.com : accessed 16 Jan 2010); John De Graf (De Graff, De Graaf), New York, pension no. S.15090; Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M804.
3. 1850 U.S. census, Montgomery County, New York population schedule, Amsterdam, p. 125A, dwelling 251, family 271, Susan Degraff household; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 16 Jan 2010); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M432, roll 532.
4. 1860 U.S. census, Montgomery County, New York population schedule, Amsterdam, p. 524, dwelling 177, family 180, Susannah DeGraff household; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 17 Jan 2010); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M653, roll 787.
5. 1870 U.S. census, Montgomery County, New York population schedule, Amsterdam, p. 78B, dwelling 1054, family 1190, Susan DeGraff; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 17 Jan 2010); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M593, roll 974.

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Scholefield Family Tree

Well, since what has been found only allows at a possiblity that Arnold and Abigail were Charles’s parents, it is time to cast our net a bit wider and look (or “relook”) at some additional resources.

A second websearch turns up an entry for Charles from politicalgraveyard.com which has a secondary subtitle of “The Web Site That Tells Where the Dead Politicians are Buried.”

blockquoteScholefield, Charles M. – of Oneida County, N.Y. Republican. Member of New York state assembly from Oneida County 1st District, 1859, 1862; alternate delegate to Republican National Convention from New York, 1868. Burial location unknown.1

This supports the biographical data already located. Additional resources on Google Books also list him in several lists of New York Assembly Members.

Another look at GenealogyBank (remember that re-searching is a good thing!) turns up some facts that help to spin a story about this person — the type of story that keeps me interested in genealogy because it makes the person metaphorically come alive. One of the collections available on the service is the “U.S. Serial Set (1817-1980).”

Several documents in that set reveal that Helen applied for a pension based upon her husband’s service in the Civil War.2 However, before she could receive relief, a small matter of $10,000 which was reportely owed to the goverment had to be settled.

During the war, Major. C. M. Scholefield was acting additional paymaster for the Army of the United States. His duties included recieving and paying out large sums of money and filing the resulting accounting statements and vouchers. When he was discharged, he settled the accounts and repaid to the government all monies that were outstanding. Or so it seemed. About a year before his death on 21 Nov 1869 it was discovered that an advance of $10,000 was made which he did not report as income and had not repaid at his discharge. This caused the government to lay claim to the money. A legal battle followed and the eventual verdict was that Scholefield’s signature had been forged. It took a congressional bill to negate the debt which had appeared due. Once the debt was cleared about 1882, it can be assumed that Helen recieved her pension.

1. Lawrence Kestenbaum, “Index to Politicians,” database, The Political Graveyard (http://politicalgraveyard.com : accessed 20 Apr 2009), entry for Scholefield, Charles M.
2. U.S. Congress, “U.S. Serial Set (1817-1980),” database with images, GenealogyBank (http://www.genealogybank.com : accessed 20 Apr 2009), House of Representatives Report No. 327, 47th Congress, 1st Session (February 1882).

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The Whittle Family Tree

I received mail from Ruth just before Christmas with Thomas Whittle’s Civil War records1. It is woefully thin and consists of nothing more than the Muster Roll sheets. I have never found any evidence of a claim for pension by Thomas or by his wife Sarah. As it has been several weeks – lets do a quick recap of what we know and what was told in the family story.

Thomas marries Sarah Flayhart and fathers 6 children. Sometime in the early part of the Civil War (our best guess is 1861) he departs Towsontown and in Feb 1862 he is in the 18th Kentucky Infantry. The family believes he is killed in battle somewhere (we already disproved Shiloh), but it is possible he was captured or deserted.2,3,4

First up is the Company Muster-In Roll from 8 Feb 1862, which says that he “Joined for duty and enrolled” Dec 9, 1861 in Falmouth, Ky and Received one months pay from the State of Kentucky. This confirms “early in the late war” as 1861 and places him in Falmouth Kentucky a full two months earlier than we thought.

Company Muster-in Roll for Thomas Whittle

Company Muster-in Roll for Thomas Whittle

There are muster rolls sheets that show he was present for duty from the time of enrollment through Dec 1862. The next item of interest in the Company Muster Roll for Jan & Feb 1863 and at the bottom in the Book Mark section state “Deserted Jany 20/63”

Thomas Whittle Muster Roll Feb 1863

Thomas Whittle Muster Roll Feb 1863

Of greater interest is the List of Deserters sheet from Apl 30, 1863[sic] with the Remarks: “Last heard from Apr 15/63”. Huh? I guess he didn’t die in January when he wasn’t present for duty, as someone heard from him in April 1863. Why didn’t these people keep track of this stuff – where’s the darn reports of who and where????

List of Deserters - Thomas Whittle

List of Deserters - Thomas Whittle

The last item in the file is the April 4, 1865 Co. Muster-out Roll. This occurred in Goldsboro, North Carolina. It basically shows his last pay draw was from Oct 31, 1862 and gives us some solid information. “Deserted Lexington Ky. Jan 20th 1863”.

Company Muster Out Roll for Thomas Whittle

Company Muster Out Roll for Thomas Whittle

In the History of the Kentucky Infantry for the 18th Infantry, the unit was in Lexington Kentucky from December 5 1862 and then moved to Louisville by January 27th. In April, when he was supposedly last heard from, the unit was in Carthage, Tennessee.

Here we are again with more questions:
Who and how did they last hear from him? Did he send a letter to his Company Commander or a buddy? I’m guessing it was a “sent” message as if he had shown up, he would have been disciplined in some way or faced a court martial.

The Union Army felt it was a desertion and there is no evidence of a battle in which he could have been one of the “unknown dead” – so what happened to Thomas Whittle? He didn’t go home, so where did he go? Did he wander west and change his name, as so many did, and start a new life and a new family? Did he desert and head home to see his wife and die enroute? Was there a letter from Capt Littlejohn asking Sarah if she’d seen him as he was listed as a deserter? Was the story about a letter saying he died just a story by Sarah to protect her families reputation?

I’ll leave it to the reader to choose an ending to the story of Thomas Whittle as I don’t have any answers at this time. Hey it’s the Whittle men – what did you expect?

1. Military Records of Thomas Whittle; privately held by Ruth Brooks Wilmington, Delaware.
2. See post dated 12 Dec 2008.
3. See post dated 13 Dec 2008.
4. See post dated 16 Dec 2008.

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Scholefield Family Tree

Well, it turns out that my caution was warranted. A while back, I was searching for Mary Virginia Scholefield who reportedly married a McMillan. That was all I had, so I did some census searching and found a woman who appeared to be the woman I was looking for.1 It turns out that she was not the right one. My gut was wrong.

Based on more recent findings, I now know that Virginia’s husband was named Arthur C. McMillan.2 Even though the record located was not specific about the source of the information, there are other sources that confirm their marriage.

A census search for a Virginia Mc Millan (notice the space) with a husband named Arthur living in New York City in 1900 turns up this family:3

McMillan, Arthur E, Head, W, M, Aug 1862, married 8 years, New York, New York, Massachusetts, Clergyman, can read, write and speak English, rents a house
——, Virginia S, Wife, W, F, Apr 1862, 8 years, 3 children, 3 living, New York, Massachusetts, New York, Housekeeper, can read, write and speak English
——, John B, Son, W, M, Sep 1893, 6, Single, Colorado, New York, New York, attended school 5 months, can read, write and speak English
——, George S, Son, W, M, July 1895, 4, Single, Colorado, New York, New York, school 5 months
——, Helen DeG, Daughter, W, F, Oct 1898, 1, Single, Colorado, New York, New York
Bagley, Maggie, Cook, B, F, Nov 1883, 16, Single, Virginia, Virginia, Virginia, Servant, school 4 months, can read, write and speak English

Since the daughter is named Helen DeG (likely short for DeGraff) and one son is named George S (likely short for Scholefield), one may assume that the children were named for family members. Helen was named after her grandmother and George after his uncle.

A Google search for — arthur mcmillan “virginia scholefield” — returns a GoogleBooks hit for the Hamilton Literary Magazine. Arthur was a Hamilton College alumn, graduating in 1886, and the college’s paper carried an announcement of his marriage.4

This corroborates both the odd finding on FamilySearch as well as the caculated year of marriage from the 1900 Census.

blockquoteMcMILLAN—SCHOLEFIELD—In New York city, 65 West 70th Street, Tuesday evening. June 21, 1892, Rev. Arthur Chase McMillan. ’86, of Granite, Montana, and Miss Virginia Scholefield, daughter of Mrs. Helen M. Scholefield.

To more clearly discover the birth dates of the children (remember, that is as far as this project will extend), there are several options. Unfortunately, Colorado did not begin to record birth records at the state level until 1907. Back at Ancestry.com, the WWI draft registration cards report that John Baylies McMillan was born on 2 Sep 1893 in Canon City, Colorado.5 His brother George S. was born 26 Jul 1895 in the same city.6 Now that we have a place where the three children were likely born, we discover that there are birth records for Canon City back to 1885 held by the county clerk, but they aren’t online.

Helen is the one that a researcher would anticipate problems for when attempting to locate a more specific date of birth. Anytime a genealogist deals with women, they have to locate a key piece of data: her name change. However, Helen turned out to be only partially a pain — I attacked the problem by looking at her relatives. A Google search for her brother John’s full name in quotes returns a result for his obituary which was carried in The Altamont Enterprise (yes, I still don’t want this information, but there is a method to my madness). Helen’s name is reported as “Mrs. E.H. Hendrickson.” Back on Ancestry I locate a result in the SSDI for a Helen Hendrickson whose last residence was in Westchester County, New York. She might be correct, but her birthdate is 23 Jul 1898 instead of October 1898. So I know her name, but narrowing down her actual birthdate is problematic.

1. See post dated 24 Oct 2008.
2. See post dated 8 Dec 2008.
3. 1900 U.S. census, New York County, New York population schedule, New York City, Borough of Manhattan, enumeration district (ED) 478, sheet 18B, p. 140 (reverse, stamped), dwelling 83, family 424, Arthur E McMillan household; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 23 Dec 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T623, roll 1103.
4. “Married,” Hamilton Literary Magazine, Jun 1892, 36; digital images, Google Book Search (http://books.google.com : accessed 23 Dec 2008).
5. “World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918,” database and images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 23 Dec 2008), John Baylies McMillan, no. 147, Draft Board 4, Syracuse, Onondaga County, New York; citing World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918.
6. Ibid., George S. McMillan, no. 24, Draft Board 2, Yonkers, Westchester County, New York.

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Govanstown Cemetery Project

The Whittle Plot

For those of you that have not used Footnote it is the online outlet for the National Archives. You can search for free, and there is quite a bit of free content, but most of it is premium content that requires a subscription. A subscription goes for about $75 per year and with that you can download and save all the premium images. It is also available at no charge through most Family History Centers.

Footnote is full of interesting items such as City Directories for several major cities, Continental Congress items, naturalizations and homestead records from a couple different places. Vital records from assorted places and times, the Brady Photo Collection from the Civil War, and newspapers from all over the country. It is of course also home to Project Blue Book – UFO Investigations and that’s free!!!

I conducted a search for Samuel N. Whittle and got a return for 1777 items. The first item was a Pension File Index for Maryland and the second item was for a Boston City Directory. I chose to add a discriminator of Maryland in the keyword area and reduced the hits to 105.

The first item was a premium image of the Pension File Index. The image of the card states what we already knew about his Company and Regiment. It records his application for an Invalid Pension 23 Jun 1880, application number 390088 with a certificate number of 272124.1 No widows or minors pensions were applied for. The rest of the items were newspaper items from places where Samuel did not live. The joy and sorrow of OCR scanned material!!

Samuel Whittle Civil War Pension Index

Samuel Whittle Pension Index Record

Since there was nothing else on Samuel, and since I was there …. I took that peek at Charles. His Pension File Index card listed an Invalid Pension filed for on 30 Sep 1881, application number 430,561 certificate number 816023. Charles card also gave me a death date. The upper part of the card was stamped Dead and down at the bottom was a death date of 22 Oct 1916. There is a space for where he died, but this card did not have the information. Also on the card was the application information for the Widows Pension. Application 1081994 Certificate number 828797 filed 25 Oct 1916. Once again his dates of service are blank.2

Charles Whittle Pension Index Record

The Civil War Pension Index is available on both Ancestry and Footnote – so why look at both? Because as I discovered while working on Charles Whittle – they utilize different databases and therefore have different information and images. Both had the basic information of dates, application information, and certificate numbers. However, Footnote had the death date, and Ancestry had the Widows name of Margaret S. Whittle, which is an indexed item on Ancestry.3

Charles Whittle Pension Index Record From Ancestry

Charles Whittle Pension Index Record From Ancestry

Footnote.com utilizes the Organization Index to Pension Files of Veterans Who Served Between 1861 and 1900. Ancestry.com utilizes the Civil War Pension Index: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934. So what’s the difference?

The General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934 T288. 544 rolls. This is an alphabetical index by veteran’s surname.

The Organization Index to Pension Files of Veterans Who Served Between 1861 and 1900, T289. 765 rolls. This index is based on the military unit or Organization. The cards are alphabetical by state, then the branch of service (artillery, cavalry, etc), then by regiment (numerically), and then alphabetical again by the surname of the veteran.

Footnote has made the Organization Index searchable by the veterans name. Both are valuable resources for the person searching for their ancestor that might have served in that time period.

Now I have to go back and look at all my Civil War ancestors to make sure that I have checked both records!

1. “Civil War Pensions Index,” database and images, Footnote.com (http://www.footnote.com : accessed 29 Sep 2008); Pension Record of Samuel N. Whittle; citing the General Index to the Pension File.
2. “Civil War Pensions Index,” database and images, Footnote.com (http://www.footnote.com : accessed 29 Sep 2008); Widows Pension Application about Charles Whittle; Citing the Organizational Index to the Pension Files.
3. “Civil War Pension Index: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1935,” database and images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 7 Oct 2008); Widows Pension Application about Charles White; Citing the General Index Pension Index.

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Govanstown Cemetery Project

The Whittle Plot

Searching for Samuel Whittle has been a challenge in spelling and creativity. I found him on Ancestry in 1870 by using a Wildcard Search for Sam* Whit*. This picks up all the variations for the end of the names. Still, the only record I found was the 1870 census with Samuel mis-indexed as Samuel N. White. He is clearly enumerated as Samuel N. Whittle and the household consists of:1

Whittle, Samuel N. 27 M W Plasterer
–, Georgeanna 24 F W Keeping House
–, Clara 3 F W
–, Maggie 1 F W
–, Eliza 55 F W
–, Elizabeth 85 F W
Higle, Kate 26 F W
Phipps, Joseph 18 M W Apprentice to Plasterer

With no relationships listed we are left guessing as to some of the people in the household. However, we know that Eliza is Samuel’s mother based on the obits and the 1880 census. Elizabeth is most probably, Samuel’s grandmother, but not Eliza’s mother, as her last name is also Whittle. Kate Higle is possibly a sister to Georgeanna. If she was anything other than a relative, she would probably be listed with a job such as a servant, nurse, or boarder.

Ancestry can be quirky – that’s a really nice way of saying it can be a pain in the butt! When you do a basic search it brings up the census records first and it doesn’t matter what you put in for a year of death (in this case 1892) it still loads you up with 1930 census records. For some reason it will give you 4 pages records that occurred after the death of your person while ignoring a record for an “unpopular” census or collection of records. As a result you will sometimes need to search by a specific census, collection, or by a geographical area.

I knew that he had been in the military so while I was in the census records I selected the 1890 Veterans Schedule, which has him indexed as Samuel W. Whittle. His service was listed as: First Lieutenant, F Company, 7th Maryland, 14 Oct 1862 to 31 May 1865, Length of Service 2 years 9 months 17 days. The corresponding line below indicates his residence is Towson, Baltimore County, and that he was shot in the left shoulder, but does not tell us in what engagement.2

Samuel Whittle 1890 Veterans Schedule

Samuel Whittle 1890 Veterans Schedule

The other things I found were on the first page of results in the Military section of the search. My favorite selection of the multiple Civil War items listed was the American Civil War Soldiers entry for Samuel Whittle that had the basics of his service record:3

Enlisted as a Sergeant on 14 August 1862 at the age of 19.
Enlisted in Company D, 7th Infantry Regiment Maryland on 14 Aug 1862.
Promoted to Full Sergeant Major on 10 Sep 1862.
Promoted to Full 2nd Lieutenant (As of Co. F) on 9 Nov 1863.
Promoted to Full 1st Lieutenant on 12 Dec 1864.
Mustered Out Company D, 7th Infantry Regiment Maryland on 31 May 1865 at Washington, DC.

Receiving a Commission from the Enlisted ranks was not uncommon during the Civil War. I also found several entries for his brother Charles N. Whittle who fought with the 2nd Maryland Infantry, Company C. He entered as a Second Lieutenant and left as a First Lieutenant. According to the 1890 Veterans Schedule, Charles enlisted 14 Jun 1862, but has no departure date or length of service. His corresponding line below gives 1320 Bond as his address with no further information. There is a curious shortage of information on this form.4

The problem with this type of research is that my focus is Samuel and who might be in the Govanstown Cemetery plot, but my curiosity is also about Charles and his odd service record Maybe, I’ll just take a quick peek at Footnote. I should look there for Samuel and it would only take a minute to check for Charles too.

Future Research
  • Kate Higle (possibly Higgle) in 1860
  • Elizabeth Whittle in 1860
  • Samuel 1850 & 1860

1. 1870 U.S. census, Baltimore County, Maryland, population schedule, District 9, p. 447, dwelling 6, family 6, Samuel Whittle; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.Ancestry.com : accessed 29 Sep 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M593, roll 570.
2. 1890 U.S. census, Baltimore, Maryland, “Special Schedule: Surviving Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines, and Widows,” Towson, enumeration district (ED) 439, p. 1, Samuel N. Whittle; NARA microfilm publication M123, roll 8.
3. Historical Data Systems, Inc., “American Civil War Soldiers,” database, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 5 Oct 2008), entry for Samuel Whittle, enlisted 14 Aug 1862, Maryland.
4. 1890 U.S. census, Baltimore, Maryland, “Special Schedule: Surviving Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines, and Widows,” Baltimore, enumeration district (ED) 125, p. 1, Charles N. Whittle; NARA microfilm publication M123, roll 8.

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