Scholefield Family Tree

Come on, we all know the rest…Try Again! And that is true even in genealogy. There are several reasons for this: many times databases are updated or changed, new databases are being made available, and sometimes you just have a stroke of genius which leads you to request a search you have not used before. And sometimes, the same database on two different systems will produce different results.

On the other hand, maybe you just forgot which searches you had completed or were dumb and did not make a note of your findings.

I have run across Mary Ellen (Crampton) Fitzgerald’s death information — possibly for a second time. I can’t remember if I actually was searching and found it but was putting off blogging about it and did not make a note. All I know is that I realized I didn’t have her death information, figured that I had to have looked for it before, started with the widest possible search, and when I found the record, it actually does look like something I have seen before. But enough babbling, onto the information.

I ran a search for all ‘Mary Fitzgerald’s in the California Death Index at Rootsweb. There were only (surprisingly) 123 results. One of which is our gal:

blockquoteFITZGERALD MARY ELLEN
born 01/17/1864 [this is incorrect] in CALIFORNIA
mother’s name BERNETT
father’s name CRAMPTON
died 08/05/1940 in SAN FRANCISCO1

Just for fun, I went to Ancestry.com and ran the same search in what is reportedly the same database — no results. Even attempting to narrow down to the information above does not return this result.

1. “California Death Records,” database, Rootsweb (http://vitals.rootsweb.ancestry.com/ca/death/search.cgi : accessed 9 Feb 2009), entry for Mary Ellen Fitzgerald (5 Aug 1940); Citing California Department of Health Services Office of Health Information and Research Vital Statistics Section.

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Based on the finding that a Mary Ellen Fitzgerald married a man named John McVeigh in 1886, I decided it wouldn’t hurt to look for our Mary Ellen under that name. There is no guarantee that this is the same person though because there are no birthdates.

And to sum up the findings, there are no McVeigh or McVays living in San Francisco in 1900 that are named Mary or John who would have been of an age to have married in 1886. Luckily the 1900 Census Database at Ancestry.com allows you to search for marriage year. A search fitting our couple of interest does not turn up any results.

And lastly, looking for any Anna McVeighs born in 1879 in Arizona doesn’t turn up any results. A search for Annas born in 1879 in AZ doesn’t even turn up anything.

Because searches for Fitzgeralds as well as this new possiblility don’t help, it seems that the family was living some where like Antarctica! (Not really, they were either missed or are misindexed — or just plain not where I expect.)

I can’t answer the question about Mary marrying again — yet.

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The last bits of information that I need about the Fitzgerald family are children’s dates of birth. Mary Ellen Crampton/Moore Fitzgerald was a sister of Clara, so this project (by my own definition) will require no further information. What I already know about the children from the censuses:

Henry A Fitzgerald b cal 1875
Matilda M Fitzgerald b cal 1878
Anna E Fitzgerald b cal 1879

Due to the fact that the family moved to San Francisco, California, after the death of husband and father Henry S. Fitzgerald, I will begin my search in the California Death Records available at Rootsweb.

Boys are usually the easiest because their names don’t change upon marriage. And this holds true in this case. “Harry Armour Fitzgerald” appears in the death records of San Francisco. His birth date is reported as 29 May 1877.1 For me, the middle name is a clear indication that this is the guy I want. Even if the birth year might have been reported incorrectly (since in 1880 he was reported as born abt 1875), this is pretty close!


Luckily the California Death Records include the surnames of parents. A search for all people whose certificates recorded “Fitzgerald” as their father and who were born in Arizona returns a record for a “Tillie M. Menteer.”2 She was possibly originally a Matilda “Tillie” Fitzgerald. The certificate reports her mother’s maiden name as “Moore” — a match to our Mary Ellen who seemed to have adopted her step-father’s surname as her own. The only problem is that the record reports her birth as 19 Mar 1886 — a full eight years too late. But, again, knowing the likelihood of errors in reported birth dates on death certificates, I did not throw out this result.

Instead, I tried to verify the last name “Menteer” as possibly belonging to a woman who was born in either 1886 or, as I suspect, 1878. A census search for women living in San Francisco who were born in either year in Arizona returned no Menteers — only a “Tillie Swasey.” By 1920, this woman is divorced, so she could be our girl as she still could have married Menteer later.

Okay, now back to Google. A search for the words — tillie swasey fitzgerald — turns up a index record for a marriage license which ran in the San Francisco Call.

blockquoteSwasey, W.N. (24)… marr. lic. in —- to Fitzgerald, Tillie M. (19) …SF1897-110373

A Google search for — swasey fitzgerald — returns the following result from Google Books:

blockquoteWilliam Norris”, b. in S. F., Cal., Dec. 20, 1872; m. in S. F., April 3, 1897, Natheal M. Fitzgerald, b. in Arizona, March 19, 1878, dau. of Henry S. of Liverpool, Eng., and Mary E. Fitzgerald of Cal.4

Based upon this find, I am fairly certain that Matilda (Tillie, Matheal) married first a William Swasey and later a Menteer. The month and day of birth match in both the death record and Swasey Genealogy, and since it doesn’t appear that Tillie ever had children, who knows who the informant was on her death certificate.


Now that I have been feeling successful for two of the children, I will tell you now that all of my hopes have been dashed when trying to research the last daughter, Anna.

You might remember (Ok, probably not, so I’ll remind you) that Mary Fitzgerald had a grandson named John or Jack Spiro. So I began with him — yes, even though he is outside of my project definitions. (Matilda was married to Swasey during this time, so the child was likely Anna’s.) Jack’s California death birth reports him as having a mother whose maiden name was McVeigh.5 His death record reports his mother’s name as Fitzgerald.6 How could it be both?

Either way, there are no identifiable death records for an Anna Spiro or an Anna Fitzgerald about the time of John’s birth.

A quick review of our normal resources for news articles (genealogybank.com and newspaperarchive.com) don’t return an obit for John or Anna Spiro. Nothing obvious pops on google with searches for a combination of the words: john, newburn, spiro, anna, fitzgerald.

However, when we go back to the San Francisco Call database and check the Fitzgeralds, we find:

blockquoteFitzgerald, Mary E…. married in 1886 to McVeigh, John N. …1886M-9437

Could it be that Mary DID remarry after her husband’s early death in 1880 — and Anna was using the surname of her new father at the time of the birth of her child John? Thereby explaining how John’s records read McVeigh and then later Fitzgerald. It would seem that there was some sort of falling out between Mary and her second husband because by 1910 she has gone back to using the surname of her first husband.

Well, as you can see, the search for Anna only raised more questions.

Research Plan:

  • Search for Mary Ellen McVeigh in the 1900 Census.

1. “California Death Index, 1940-1997,” database, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 19 Jan 2009), entry for Harry Armour Fitzgerald (15 Feb 1947); citing State of California Department of Health Services, Center for Health Statistics.
2. Ibid., entry for Tillie M Menteer (30 Mar 1953); citing State of California Department of Health Services, Center for Health Statistics.
3. Jim W. Faulkinbury, CGRS, The San Francisco Call Database (http://cefha.org/usa/ca/sf/sfcall/sfcall0.html : accessed 19 Jan 2009); entry for W.N. Swasey to Tillie M. Fitzgerald, 1897.
4. Benjamin Franklin Swasey, Genealogy of the Swasey Family (Cleveland, Ohio: Privately Printed, 1910), 460-461; digital images, Google Book Search (http://www.books.google.com : accessed 19 Jan 2009).
5. “California Birth Index, 1905-1995,” database, Ancesty.com (http://www.ancestry,com : accessed 19 Jan 2009), entry for John N Spiro (14 Jul 1907); citing State of California Department of Health Services, Center for Health Statistics.
6. “California Death Index, 1940-1997,” entry for Jack Newburn Spiro (12 May 1980).
7. Faulkinbury, The San Francisco Call Database; entry for John N. McVeigh to Mary E. Fitzgerald, 1886.

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Today was a re-search of what is available in the Hayden Collection at Arizona State University in Tempe (about a 2 hour drive from where I am). The collection is searchable from their Special Materials Index which also contains other resources. I have already located a biography of James Armour Moore (Clara’s father) written by Senator Carl Hayden.1 The senator researched many pioneers of Arizona. The library has digitized and made available the biographies he wrote. However, they did not digitize the source materials that he included in his research files. Additionally, over one thousand research files contained no biography and are only indexed. Therefore, this is again a file where I run searches for all of the surnames: Scholefield, Moore, Crampton, Kenyon, Connell and Fitzgerald.

In addition to James Armour Moore, Henry S. Fitzgerald is the only one with a digitized biography.2 It incorrectly states that he married Sarah J. Crampton when he actually married her sister Mary E. Crampton, so the rest of the information should be taken with a grain of salt, but it says about him that he:

blockquoteArrived in the United States when he was 6 years old; enlisted, age 16, in the 5th New York Infantry, (Colonel Abram Duryee’s Zouaves) to serve during the Civil War and was promoted to 1st Lieutenant in that Regiment; received three severe wounds at the first Battle of Bull Run. After his discharge f’rom the Army he came to Arizona in 1865; he was Postmaster at Yuma, in 1873. Died at Yuma, A.T., June 23, 1880.

With that information, I can resolve some of the issues I was having with tracing his wife. She was not divorced in 1910 (unless there was a marriage in there after which she took back her first husband’s name).3 And, if I again want to look for her in 1900, I should be looking for a widow.

Additionally there is some “cool stuff” that can be accessed with a trip to the library (which would cost money and is therefore outside of the scope of this project). At least the internet has made it easier to locate this stuff — otherwise we might not know it ever existed! Here are the highlights:

Chas. T Connell, Susan Moore’s husband, wrote a piece entitled An Early Day Story, 1908 which was about the Apache Indians.

A manuscript entitled James Armour Moore : Notable Pioneer of Arizona exists.

There is also additional information in the Hayden files for: Charles Kenyon, Henry Fitzgerald, and James Armour Moore.

1. See post dated 14 Sep 2008.
2. Department of Archives & Special Collections, “Arizona and Southwestern Index,” database and images, Arizona State University Libraries (http://info.lib.asu.edu/spmi.htm : accessed 2 Jan 2009); Biography of Henry S. Fitzgerald, item no. 4506; citing “Hayden Arizona Pioneer Biographies Collection” compiled by Senator Carl Hayden.
3. See post dated 3 Nov 2008.

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Ok, this is something that I classify as cool, but some others may not.

On the Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records site (where the Arizona Biographical Index is also located) there is a Photo Index. Once again, searching for all surnames which might be relevant, we turn up a list of photos. I am providing links to the information about each photo below. I am doing this because the thumbnails which are provided on the site are low quality and are prominently labeled. The Archives reserves all rights to the photos, but will make copies of them for a fee — see their website.

Clara Ann Moore Scholefield and her twin sister Susan Armour Moore Connell about 1890.
Their brother James Arthur Moore in 1889.
Their father James Armour Moore in 1869 in San Francisco.
Their mother Matilda Jane Burnett Moore about 1878 in San Francisco and a second photo taken about 1890.
A group photo at Fort McDowell in 1867 which includes Capt. James A. Moore, J. F. Crampton, and Charles H. Kenyon.
A photo taken at Globe about 1882 which includes J. Arthur Moore and John F. Crampton.
A group photo at the Old Dominion Commercial Company taken about 1890 which includes Arthur Moore.
A photo of the Moore’s Lodging House taken about 1890 (this is likely the hotel that Matilda Jane and James Arthur were running in 1880).
A photo taken in Yuma about 1880 in front of a store and the water works which includes Henry S. Fitzgerald (in 1880, Henry was a merchant — so it might be his store).
A photo of Sarah Jane Crampton in 1882 and again about 1890.
A photo of Mary Ellen Crampton about 1882 and a second taken about 1890.
A photo of John F. Crampton as a boy about 1875 in San Francisco, again about 1884, again about 1900, and again in 1917.
The Old Dominion Mine in Globe in 1885 including John F. Crampton
And one of John with his wife Rovilla Snelling taken in 1882.

The photos were quite a find for the Moore family — at least one of every sibling. Unfortunately, there weren’t any for George’s side.

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As I go back in time, I find more people! To help myself as well as you, the reader, the following links provide a visual representation of George Scholefield and Clara Moore’s siblings, nieces and nephews.

Family Charts

George’s parents were Charles M. Scholefield and Helen Marr Degraff.
Descendants of Charles M. Scholefield

Clara’s parents were James Armour Moore and Matilda Jane Burnett. Matilda had previously married a John Crampton, so there are half-siblings.
Descendants of Matilda Jane Burnett

**These are large files.

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Using the censuses, I have been able to fill in information about Clara Moore Scholefield’s half-sister Mary Ellen Crampton’s family.

In 1880, the family is living in Yuma, Yuma, AZ.1
Fizgerald, HS, W, M, 36, Hus, Mar, Merchant, England, Eng, Eng
——, Mary E, W, F, 25, Wife, Mar, California, Cal, SC
——, Henry A, W, M, 5, Son, Singl, Arizona, Eng, Cal
——, Matilda M, M, F, 2, Dau, Singl, Arizona, Eng, Cal
——, Anna E, W, F, 8/12, Dau, Singl, Arizona, Eng, Cal
——, Jennie, W, F, 15, Niece, Singl, Oregon, Eng, Oregon

I cannot locate the family in 1900, but by 1910 Henry is no longer in the picture. Mary is living in San Francisco, CA, and is reported as divorced.2

Fitzgerald, Mary E, Head, F, W, 50, Div, 4 children, 3 living, California, Virginia, S. Carolina, English, Proprietor, Boarding house, Own Accout, Reads & Writes, Rents a home
——, Henry A, Son, M, W, 34, M1, 13yrs, Arizona, Eng-English, California, English, Electrician, Line man, Wage worker, yes out of work, 0 weeks out of work, Reads & Writes
——, Mary C, Daughter-in-law, F, W, 31, M1, 13yrs, 2 children, both living, California, Ire-Irish, Massachusetts, English, Reads & Writes
——, Anita M, Granddaughter, F, W, 11, S, California, Arizona, California, English, Reads & Writes, attended school
——, Harry A, Grandson, M, W, 9, S, California, Arizona, California, Reads, attended school
Spiro, John, Grandson, M, W, 2, S, California, California, California
Four boarders: Wilber G Walton age 25, Earl Walton age 20, Clifford C Farley age 25, and Victor H Megerle age 25.

In 1920 and 1930, Mary continues to live with her grandson, she as head of household in 1920 and him in 1930.

I don’t yet have the name of Mary and Henry’s fourth child, and I don’t know which daughter married Spiro, but that is beyond the scope of our study.

Research Plan:

  • Determine if California vital records will provide information about Mary or her children. Death records may list date of birth for her children — which is currently all I am looking for.

1. 1880 U.S. census, Yuma County, Arizona, population schedule, Yuma, enumeration district (ED) 13, p. 16 (handwritten), 495 (reverse, stamped), dwelling 170, family 138, H.S. Fitzgerald household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 1 Nov 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T9, roll 37.
2. 1910 U.S. census, San Francisco County, California, population schedule, San Francisco, enumeration district (ED) 101, sheet 6A, p. 197 (stamped), dwelling 59, family 118, Mary E. Fitzgerald household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www. ancestry.com : accessed 2 Nov 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T624, roll 97.

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When writing a family history, one must decide how much research they wish to complete regarding the various sidelines of a family. Do you trace the main descendant line back and also trace down all of the siblings lines? If you do that, how many generations do you want to research? For my personal trees, I research as far as I can go. My reason for this is that by finding cousins, I have received some great finds. I’ve gotten photocopies of the German family pages from a descendant of the writer Zane Grey about our shared Wilhelm ancestors, a copy of pen and ink drawing of my 4th (or 5th) great-grandfather, and loads of information that helped point me in a direction for further research!

Other researchers only focus on their direct lines, sometimes discovering that they need to research siblings in order to discover information about parentage. And only doing research into the sidelines (or neighbors) as needed.

For the Scholefield history for this site, my goal is to trace the direct line as well as locating the vitals of the sibling’s spouses and the birth information for each of their children.

To reach that goal, this post will focus on checking on any possible birth and death records for Clara Moore Scholefield’s siblings and their spouses and children. I will be running quick name searches on the usual sites (FamilySearch, Ancestry, and AZ Genealogy).

Clara was the daughter of James Armour Moore and Matilda Jane Burnett.

Matilda Jane Burnett had married first John V. Crampton. Their children, and therefore Clara’s Half siblings, were: Mary E., Sarah J., and John F.

Based on the census, Mary E. was born about 1857 in California.1 She married Henry Fitzgerald in 1874. An article about her brother-in-law Charles Kenyon mentions that she was a widow who lived in San Francisco.2 She looks to have died before 1940 which is the date that Ancestry’s California Death Index begins. The indexes at VitalSearch don’t contain enough information to identify which of the many Mary Fitzgeralds might be the one we are looking for. I also checked several likely indexes. Nothing further about this family can be located through these sources at this time — census records are next.

Sarah Jane was born on 6 Dec 1857 in California and died 14 Dec 1957 in San Diego County, California.3 She married Charles Kenyon in 1872.2 He was born in 1840 in New York and died in Dec 1906.
Their children:
Maud B. was born in New York.
Arthur Moore Kenyon was born 20 Aug 1878 in Rome, New York.4
Myrtle M.

John Franklin Crampton was born on 1 Dec 1860 in San Bernardino, California, and died 21 Apr 1947 in Phoenix, Maricopa, Arizona.5 He married Rovilla Snelling in 1882. She was born 12 May 1861 in Indiana and died 6 Feb 1940 in Globe, Arizona.6
Their children:
John William born 23 May 18837
Rovilla J. born 1885 in Globe, Arizona8 (this is likely the Rovilla who married John C. Crowley in 1906)
Evelyn May born 27 May 1892 in Globe, Gila, Arizona9

Clara’s full siblings were Susan A. and J. Arthur.
(more…)

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Continuing up through the generations in a vital records check, the data for George and Clara Moore Scholefield themselves is mostly complete. The only missing data is the exact date when the couple was married; therefore, a check of the Western States Marriage Record Index is next. This index holds records for Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming. Unfortunately, searches for Scholefield, Moore, George and Clara in Arizona, as well as Clara Moore and Scholefield in the entire collection does not return a result for George and Clara’s marriage.

Other searches for records within the index turn up the following results for other family members:

Confirmation of Max Brodie’s marriage to Helen Scholefield on 10 Oct 1907 in Tucson, Pima County, Arizona.1

A conflicting date for James Armour Moore’s marriage to Matilda Jane Burnett Crampton. Previous information indicates that they married in 1861 in San Bernardino, California, but the index reports their marriage on 3 Jun 1869 in Phoenix Precinct, Yavapai County, Arizona.2 This puts their marriage after the births of their three children?! Of course, it is also possible that there was another couple with similar names and the information for the 1861 marriage is correct.

A possible marriage for James and Matilda’s son James Arthur Moore appears. Based on the date and place, it is likely he married Mollie A. Shanley on 21 Sep 1891 in Globe, Gila, Arizona.3

Another confirmation: Charles T. Connell married Susie Moore on 20 May 1882 in Globe, Gila, Arizona.4 He resided in San Carlos, she in Globe. And it is interesting that Susie’s marriage is indexed, but not Clara’s.

Even more confounding is that John F. Crampton, Susie and Clara’s half brother, appears to have married a Rovilla Snelling on 14 Feb 1882 in Richmond Basin, Gila, Arizona.5 Since Susie and John were both married in 1882, the reported year that Clara and George were married, why does Clara and George’s record not appear right along side Clara’s siblings records? As a side note, Rovilla appears to have later married a Joseph V. Crowley on 12 Dec 1906 in Globe, Gila Arizona.6 John may have died before that date, or they were divorced.

Indicating the need to search for all possible ways that a person might have been named in a record, Sarah Jane Crampton’s marriage is located under the name of Sarah Jane Moore — her mother’s second husband’s name. Her marriage to Charles H. Kenyon is confirmed as occuring on 27 Nov 1872 in Maricopa County, Arizona.7

Mary Ellen Crampton’s marriage is also under the surname Moore. She married Henry T. Fitzgerald on 1 Mar 1874 in Maricopa County, Arizona.8 He was a resident of Yuma County. And she resided in Maricopa Wells, Pima County. A comment on the record states that “Mary is daughter of James A. Moore.” It is interesting that the girls were willing to go by the name of their new father and John kept his real father’s name. However, it is also possible that it was assumed that James Moore was the girls’ father since their real father had died before the family even arrived in Arizona. Since John married a decade after his sisters, maybe he was able to establish his true parentage — the girls may have even been less concerned because they expected their names to change when they married anyway.

So, all of Clara’s siblings marriages have been located — I will need to continue to dig for information about Clara!

1. Brigham Young University – Idaho, “Western States Marriage Records,” database, Special Collections & Family History (http://abish.byui.edu/specialCollections/westernStates/search.cfm : accessed 9 Oct 2008), entry for Max Biodie [Brodie] to Helen Scholefield, 1907; citing Pima County, Arizona, marriage records vol. 3, p. 334.
2. Ibid., entry for James A. Moore to Jane Crampton, 1869; citing Yavapai County, Arizona, marriage records vol. A, p. 9.
3. Ibid., entry for James A. Moore to Mollie A. Shanley, 1891; citing Gila County, Arizona, marriage records vol. 1, p. 25.
4. Ibid., entry for Charles T. Connell to Susie Moore, 1882; citing Gila County, Arizona, marriage records vol. 1, p. 4.
5. Ibid., entry for John F. Crampton to Rovilla Snelling, 1882; citing Gila County, Arizona, marriage records vol. 1, p. 8.
6. Ibid., entry for Joseph V. Crowley to Rovilla J. Crampton, 1906; citing Gila County, Arizona, marriage records vol. 2, p. 89.
7. Ibid., entry for Charles Henry Kenyon to Sarah Jane Moore; citing Maricopa County, Arizona, marriage records vol. 1, p. 7.
8. Ibid., entry for Henry T. Fitzgerald to Mary Ellen Moore, 1874; citing Maricopa County, Arizona, marriage records vol. 1, p. 11.

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Remember that Google is your friend. Try a phrase like — “James A Moore” Arizona pioneer — and you discover the following facts:

James A. Moore and Larkin W. Carr came into possession of the stage station in Maricopa Wells in 1870.1 It was the largest station on the road between Yuma and Tucson. One website compared the station to a mini-mall because it held a store, a blacksmith, a restaurant…2 This site also stated that Moore’s twin daughters, Susan and Clara, would sing to travellers during dinner.

Information is also available about one of the names which is familiar to us from the censuses and our wonderings about Matilda’s marriages. Sarah Jane Crampton’s marriage to Charles H. Kenyon was held in Phoenix on 27 Nov 1872.3 And a biographical article about him is posted in the USGenWeb Archives. He was a pony express rider, a merchant, a cattleman and lived in Globe from 1879 until his death in 1906.4 This article states that he and Sarah were the first white couple married in Phoenix and provides the answers to our questions when it reports that Matilda J. was married first to a John V. Crampton and they had three children: Mary (Henry) Fitzgerald, John F. Crampton, and Sarah J. (Charles) Kenyon. Her maiden name is reported as Burnette, and she travelled with her parents to California in 1850. After Crampton’s death which is reported here as 1856, she married James Moore in San Bernardino by whom she had an additional three children: Susie, Clara (George) Schofield, and J. Arthur Moore. James Moore reportedly lost a fortune in his unsucessful mining operations and died in San Francisco. The article also lists Sarah Kenyon’s four children.

An article about Susan’s husband Charles T. Connell is also available. Connell was a sucessful miner and politician.5 He married Susan A. Moore on 20 May 1882, and they had three childen.

Removing the quotes from around the name on our search leads us to the Arizona Pioneer Biographies by Senator Carl Hayden. The typewritten biography of James Armour Moore states that he was born 4 Apr 1825.6 This source confirms that she had married previously, and he adopted the three children by her first marriage. Her maiden name is spelled Burnett by this source. They moved to Arizona in 1863 where he was a merchant and miner. He also held public offices. He died 18 Jul 1883 and was buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery in San Francisco. At this point I slapped my forehead because I was impressed by the coincidences that are present in this world. I know what happened to this cemetery because my great-grandmother’s stillborn brother was buried there. The cemetery no longer exists because San Francisco lawmakers decided that cemeteries were no longer allowed inside of city limits.7 All remains from this cemetery were reportedly relocated to Cypress Hill in Colma. Now I have two people to find.

We now have a basic family sketch of Clara’s parents and siblings.

1. Thomas Edwin Farish, History of Arizona, 8 volumes (San Francisco: Filmer Brothers Electrotype Company, 1915-1918), 6: 66; electronic text, Southwest Electronic Text Center, University of Arizona (http://www.library.arizona.edu/exhibits/swetc : accessed 13 Sep 2008).
2. John Arthur, “Maricopa Wells and the Butterfield Overland Stage” (http://www.sierraestrella.com/wells.html : accessed 13 Sep 2008).
3. Farish, 6: 208-209.
4. USGenWeb Archives (http://files.usgwarchives.org/az/gila/bios/kenyon.txt : accessed 13 Sep 2008), “Charles H. Kenyon,” citing Arizona, the Youngest State, p. 485.
5. USGenWeb Archives (http://files.usgwarchives.org/az/pima/bios/connell.txt : accessed 13 Sep 2008), “Charles T. Connell,” citing History of Arizona, 1896.
6. Department of Archives & Special Collections, “Arizona and Southwestern Index,” database and images, Arizona State University Libraries (http://info.lib.asu.edu/spmi.htm : accessed 13 Sep 2008); Biography of James Armour Moore, item no. 4879; citing “Hayden Arizona Pioneer Biographies Collection” compiled by Senator Carl Hayden.
7. Western Neighborhoods Project, “Laurel Hill Cemetery” (http://www.outsidelands.org/laurel_hill.php : accessed 14 Sep 2008).

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