Scholefield Family Tree

When attempting to verify the hypothesis that Michael Moore who married Jane Dunlap and Jacob Moore who married Ann Armour were brothers, I’ve run across one of the hurdles that genealogists have to consider: Where does one take that leap in order to state that a person with different spellings of a name are actually the same person?

For example: Could Hannah and Annatje be the same person?

I previously located information that Michael Moore who married Jane Dunlap was born in 1753.1

A search for him at Familysearch.org turns up a report that he was christened on 14 Mar 1753 and his parents were Michel Moore and Annatje Deaij.2

An internet search using this alternate spelling of Michael and the name Annatje turns up a similar result at Olive Tree Genealogy. It provides a bit more information: Date: 1753 Mar 14; Parents: Michel Moore, Annatje Deay; Child: Michel; Witnesses: Francis Moore, Hester Deay, h.v. [wife of] Van Joseph Forbes.3

So, I have a Michael who is the son of Michel and Annatje and a Jacob who is the son of Micheal and Hannah. The two were born six years apart, so I know I am not dealing with a son. Could there be two Micheals of the same generation? Sure, there could be. They could be cousins. But why would children of Michael (Jr) and Jacob be named together in a lawsuit that does not yet appear to go back an additional generation if they weren’t siblings?

I know that I can combine Annatje and Hannah (and again, if I were doing offline research, I’d need to check other resources just in case). I can do this because the Dutch name Annatje was Americanized to Hannah. If you want to check this out for yourself, do a web search for the two names and you will find all sorts of references that show the name Hannah in parentheses or quotation marks next to the Dutch name. If you ever see two names and wonder if they could be nicknames, pet names, or alternate names, try both in a search to see what you find. If they never appear next to each other, then they likely aren’t used in the way that you hoped. Sometimes your search will even turn up a website that lists associated names and you can consider it a slam dunk.

1. See post dated 31 Jul 2010.
2. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints [LDS], “International Genealogical Index,” database, FamilySearch (http://www.familysearch.org : accessed 8 Aug 2010), North America Region, entry for Michael Moore, christened 14 Mar 1753, New York, New York, New York; citing FHL microfilm 0,822,730 (Patron ordinance submission sheets, 1969-1991), batch no. 7309337.
3. Lorine McGinnis Schulze, The Olive Tree Genealogy (http://www.olivetreegenealogy.com : accessed 8 Aug 2010), New Amsterdam (New York City) New York Reformed Dutch Church Baptisms, entry for Michel Moore, baptized 14 Mar 1753; citing original transcriptions by Ted Brassard.

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Scholefield Family Tree

Checking at FamilySearch leads me to a baptismal record for the Jacob Moore who is likely the father of the four boys I have just been tracing. This Jacob is the great-grandfather of Clara Ann Moore, the wife of George Parsons Scholefield and the couple from which this cold genealogy project has branched.

Based on the 1850 census where I located a Jacob Moore Sr. living with one of his sons, Jacob would have been born in 1759.1 The IGI contains an entry for Jacob Moore born 10 May 1759 and christened 13 Jun 1759 at Trinity Church in New York City.2 His parents were Michael Moore and Hannah. This looks very promising because later generations were baptized and married in this church!

1. See post dated 27 May 2010.
2. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints [LDS], “International Genealogical Index,” database, FamilySearch (http://www.familysearch.org : accessed 25 Jun 2010), North America Region, entry for Jacob Moore, christened 13 Jun 1759, New York, New York, New York, USA; citing FHL call no. 974.7 B2N (New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, V. 67-69, 90-93), batch no. C510591.

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Scholefield Family Tree

It turns out that this group REALLY wanted to keep the Armour name alive. What do you do when your mother is an Armour, you have the middle name Armour, one of your brothers has the middle name Armour, and your brother married an Armour? Well, you marry an Armour too!

However, I had to do a little digging to discover this fact. Searching for Hester Moore turns up this family:
John A. Moore, age 54, Merchant, NY1
Hester A. Moore, age 52, NY
Caroline Williard, age 25, NY
Joseph C. Williard, age 30, Commission Mercht, Vermont
Frederick R. Moore, age 20, NY
Catherine S. Moore, age 19, NY
Joseph R. S. Moore, age 12, NY
Julia T. Moore, age 10, NY
Mary Cunningham, age 20, Ireland
Ellen Lee, age 30, Ireland

So, this is the family of the last brother — John Armour born in 1796. He seems to have been enumerated in two places that year (once at his brother James’s home). Between 1850 and the time of the lawsuit, John appears to have died because the suit names his children and his wife. We can assume that Caroline is a daughter who married a Williard.

We could go back to the IGI in order to verify some actual dates for this family. Or, a web search for “trinity church new york” will lead you to the church’s page. They provide online transcriptions of their registers and burials in their two churchyards: www.trinitywallstreet.org/history/registers. Note that the name fields need to be as exact as possible. John A. Moore’s 1818 marriage to Hester Ann Armour2 only appears if you put “John A.” in the search box–no the similar names option doesn’t help. Lesson: Try all variations. In this case, the IGI might be easier to search, but the church’s site has the benefit of providing baptismal records with sponsors and minister’s names on marriages.

I’ll be gathering the exact dates to appear in my final report.

1. 1850 U.S. census, New York County, New York population schedule, New York, Ward 5, p. 128-129 (handwritten), 64B-65A (stamped), dwelling 570, family 920, Household of John A. Moore; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 24 Jun 2010); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M432, roll 537.
2. Trinity Church, “Parish Registers,” database, Trinity Wall Street (http://www.trinitywallstreet.org/history/registers : accessed 24 Jun 2010), entry for John A. Moore and Hester Ann Armour, married 25 Apr 1818.

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Scholefield Family Tree

I suspect that the Moore Lawsuit1 is between family members. So now I need to determine how those family members are related to the Moore family I am tracing and whether the information leads me to an additional generation.

The first place to look for these people is the 1850 Census. Because they were all alive in 1856-1857, they should be locatable. I tried several search methods – including spray and pray (put in a term and hope that one of the scattered results will match). In this case, I could narrow down my initial search to people with the name who were born in New York or lived in New York City (or nearby).

I think this is one of the couples and their household (they popped right up with a search using his middle initial and birthplace):
James A. Moore, age 61, White Seed Manufacturer, NY 2
Maria S. Moore, age 56, NY
Maria Armour, age 80, NY
John A. Armour, age 54, White Seed Manufacturer, NY
Sarah Ann Castle, age 26, NY
Maria M. Castle, age 8, NY
John A. Moore, age 25, none, NY
DeSa? M. Moore (male), age 23, Lawyer, NY
Also in the home? (I suspect these are other families): Marcus F. Hodges, age 26, Merchant; Sophia A. Hodges, age 26; James M. Hodges, age 6; William M. Hodges, age 4; Annie Hodges, age 4/12; Louisa Gibbons, age 20; Henry M. Dodge, age 9; Catharine C. Dodge, age 6; Nancy Mayer, age 25; Catharine Johnson, age 25; Alexander Thompson, age 20, Laborer; Mary Batten, age 20; Mary Ann Fleming, age 20.

This family is quite exciting because of the matching initials and the connection to an Armour family!

I immediately hopped over to FamilySearch.org to see if I can use James’s date of birth to discover more specifics about this family group. IGI returns a hit for a John Armour Moore and a batch search turns up the following family:

Jacob Moore and Ann had the following children christened at Trinity Church
James Armour Moore, b. 23 Nov 1786, chr. 3 Jan 17873
Michael Moore, chr. 19 Jul 1789 (the one we are looking for?)
Jacob Moore, b. 30 Oct 1791, chr. 20 Nov 1791
John Armour Moore, b. 2 Aug 1796, chr. 28 Aug 1796

A search for Maria Armour (after all, it appeared that the 80 year old mother-in-law was living with James and Maria) returns their marriage. I went out on a limb and guessed that there was a relationship, but remember to not take something like this as a fact until you prove it!

James A. Moore and Maria “Armar” married 13 Apr 1811 at Trinity Church.4

After all this, it appears that the family must have had a close tie with the Armour family for several generations. James was given the middle name of Armour and then married an Armour girl. His nephew, who is in the direct line which we are tracing, also appears to have carried the name. I really want to add all these people into the tree, but I do want to double check to make sure that there is nothing that would contradict my thoughts that this is the correct family (and one more generation to be added to the tree).

Next step – check out the other siblings to attempt to verify the familial relationships.

1. See post dated 22 May 2010.
2. 1850 U.S. census, Essex County, New Jersey population schedule, Belleville, p. 115B, dwelling 58, family 67, Household of James A. Moore; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 23 May 2010); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M432, roll 449.
3. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints [LDS], “International Genealogical Index,” database, FamilySearch (http://www.familysearch.org : accessed 23 May 2010), North America Region, entry for James Armour Moore, christened 3 Jan 1787, New York, New York, New York; citing FHL microfilm 1,002,776, item 6 (Trinity Church Parish, New York, New York, New York computer printout; births or christenings, 1749-1809), batch no. C510591. (Use the batch number to verify related records.)
4. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints [LDS], “International Genealogical Index,” database, FamilySearch (http://www.familysearch.org : accessed 23 May 2010), North America Region, entry for James A. Moore and Maria Armar, married 13 Apr 1811, New York, New York, New York; citing FHL microfilm 0,882,993, item 1 (Trinity Church Parish, New York, New York, New York computer printout; marriages, 1746-1861), batch no. M510591.

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Scholefield Family Tree

Now that I have the names of James Armour Moore’s parents, will I be able to go back another generation? Finding the marriage record of the couple was not hard. It was also indexed for the New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. An advanced search of familysearch.org for a Michael Moore with a spouse Susan who married about 1820 returns a marriage for “Michal” Moore to Susannah Hawkins on 10 Feb 1820 at Christ’s Church in Rye.1

This explains where Horace’s middle name came from and illustrates the fact that it it always a possibility that a couple will give a child a family surname as a middle name. If it hadn’t been so easy, I’d have likely checked both the name Hawkins and the name Armour as a possible last name for Susan.

The IGI also turns up a slew of Hawkinses in the same series of Christ’s Church records. I confirmed the information from the scans of the NYGBR at BYU.2 The names tell me I’m on the right track — Horace Hawkinses and Susan Moore Hawkinses.

John Hawkins and Lena
Horace c. 12 Aug 1792
Susanna c. 20 Mar 1793 (infant)

John Hawkins and Prudence
Dorothy c. 20 Mar 1793

Elizabeth Hawkins c. 20 Mar 1793 (witnesses were John and Prudence so Elizabeth could have been an adult)

John Hawkins
William Provoost c. 29 May 1803

William Hawkins and Martha Hawkins (m. 9 Nov 1822, Martha was baptised with her first daughter)
Susan Moore c. 1 Feb 1824
John Henry c. 22 Dec 1834 at age 10
Horace c. 22 Dec 1834 at age 7
Charles c. 22 Dec 1834 at age 5
Elizabeth c. 25 Feb 1849 (of the City of New York — baptism was witnessed by Mr. and Mrs. Read Peck. The couple also witnessed John Henry’s, Horace’s, and Charles’s 1834 baptism, which had been held at the home of John Hawkins.)
Deborah c. 3 Mar 1850 (of the City of New York — which likely also ties her to Elizabeth and therefore Wm and Martha.)

Burials:
15 Aug 1833 — Lana Hawkins, wife of John Hawkins of Sawpitt, aged 70 yrs.
22 Dec 1834 — William Hawkins of Rye, aged 30 years
4 Jun 1844 — Tuesday, buried at Port Chester, John Hawkins, aged 81 years & 4 mo.
7 May 1846 — Thurday, buried at Port Chester, Mary Hawkins of New York, aged 35 Years.
13 May 1850 — Monday, buried at Port Chester, Dorothy Hawkins, aged 69 years.
6 Dec 1851 — Saturday, at Port Chester, buried Elizabeth Hawkins, aged 75 years.

1. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints [LDS], “International Genealogical Index,” database, FamilySearch (http://www.familysearch.org : accessed 28 Jan 2010), North America Region, entry for “Michal” Moore and Susannah Hawkins, married 10 Feb 1820, Rye, Westchester County, New York; citing FHL microfilm 0,962,875 (The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record), batch no. C510161.
2. Specific citations upon request.

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Scholefield Family Tree

I was rereading posts after a Moore family researcher found the blog and asked about James Armour Moore and his wife Matilda Jane Bennett. There must be some element of synchronicity here because a few nights ago I presented a class called “Using Records to Suggest the Next Step.” It seems unrelated, but I was encouraging the attendees to reexamine their records for additional research leads. I needed to do exactly that — recheck my own work.

Quite a while back, I found a census record that connected a Horace Moore to the family as a possible sibling of James.1 This hint should be followed up because it could lead to information about James’s parents. (And I was afraid I was stuck!)

In 1880, Horace Moore was living in Alameda, California, and was a clerk in a bookstore. His wife was named Ann. Members of the family I was searching for were living with them.

I went to familysearch.org and checked for Horace Moores born about 1821 as a possible match to the Horace in 1880. I found an IGI record “Horris Hawkins Moore,” son of Michael Moore, who was christened in Rye, Westchester, New York.2 The father’s name and place look familiar to me because I had also found a similar entry for James Armour Moore.3

If you’ve never tried it, you should check out the “batch search” function available in familysearch. When you find a record, you can search the source the record came from for additional records in that source. This is great because if a person’s birth record is indexed, you can search for any siblings whose birth was recorded in the same source. To search this way, check the bottom of the individual record screen and click on the number which is provided as a “batch number.” Once you have arrived at the new search window (with the batch number filled in for you), you can search for all persons with the same last name or other qualifiers. The other numbers will lead you to additional information about the source. In this case, you will discover that the records of Christ’s Church in Rye was transcribed in the New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. The issues are available in the online Family History Archives at BYU’s website.

Using the batch search, I found that the record I had previously located for James A. Moore was in the same source — along with two additional apparent brothers. Michael and Susan Moore had four boys christened at Christ’s Church in Rye: Horris Hawkins Moore c. 24 Jun 1821, John Jacob Moore c. 1 Apr 1823,4 James Armour Moore c. 1 May 1825,5 and Samuel Armour Moore c. 22 Jun 1827.6 Because of the census record, I feel reasonably confident in connecting the members of this family into the tree.

1. See post dated 13 Sep 2008.
2. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints [LDS], “International Genealogical Index,” database, FamilySearch (http://www.familysearch.org : accessed 28 Jan 2010), North America Region, entry for Horris Hawkins Moore, christened 24 Jun 1821, Rye, Westchester County, New York; citing FHL microfilm 0,962,876 (The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record), batch no. C510161.
3. See post dated 8 Dec 2008.
4. LDS, “International Genealogical Index,” database, FamilySearch, North America Region, entry for John Jacob Moore, christened 1 Apr 1823, Rye.
5. LDS, “International Genealogical Index,” database, FamilySearch, North America Region, entry for James Armour Moore, christened 1 May 1825, Rye.
6. LDS, “International Genealogical Index,” database, FamilySearch, North America Region, entry for Samuel Armour Moore, christened 22 Jun 1827, Rye.

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