Scholefield Family Tree

Pushing back through the years may confirm the findings from the Arizona Vital Records regarding Armour, Helen, and Carl.

As we trace the family back, the 1920 Census of Rosemont Precinct, Pima, Arizona, does not provide information about George and Clara’s children because the two are the only members of the household. 1 They are living in the State Road Camps near a wide variety of people, most of whom report working on the state highway. Information about George’s vitals matches what was reported on the 1930 Census. His occupation is also similar — stock raiser, cattle ranch. He owns the property and has no mortgage and was farm 13 on the schedule. Clara’s vitals also match the later census.


The 1910 Census for Rosemont Precinct includes Carl B. age 22 as a son in the Scholefield household.2 Carl was born in Arizona, had not yet married, worked as a Ranger for the US Forest [Service], and had been employed the whole year. George and Clara are reported to be in their first marrage of 28 years, and Clara reported having borne 3 children with 2 still living. Clara’s parent’s birth places are reported differently here: father born in England, mother born in North Carolina. George is reported as an employer who owned his farm and held a mortgage. The farm was the first on its schedule. The note “Coronado National Forest” which is at the top of the page seems to imply that the few persons enumerated on this page were within the boundaries.

What is most impressive about the 1910 Census is that George was the enumerator! This makes the information reported this year appear to be the most accurate — after all, he should know where his wife’s parents were born.

Geo. P. Scholefield, Enumerator

Geo. P. Scholefield, Enumerator


In 1900 the family is located at 628 North Ninth, Tucson, Pima, Arizona Territory.3 All three posited children are in the household this year.
— George is reported to have been born May 1860 in New York. His father was born in England, and his mother in New York. He is a cattle inspector who owns a farm with a mortgage (farm number 30).
— Clara was born May 1863 in California. She has borne 3 children, all still living. Her father was born in New York, and her mother in South Carolina.
— Armour M. is their son born July 1883 in Arizona.
— Helen M. is their daughter born Mar 1886 in Arizona.
— “Harl” B. is their son born April 1888 in Arizona.
All the children attended school for 8 months that year.
— Additionally, a widowed servant, Francesa Espinosa, is living in the home. She was born Oct 1864 in Mexico. Her parents were also born in Mexico, and she had been in the country since 1879. She could neither read, write, or speak English.
The address that the family was at in 1900 continued to be their home at least through 1906 when Armour died. Therefore, George, Clara, and Carl moved to Rosemont between 1906-1910.

For those who are new to genealogy, the 1890 Census was partially destroyed by fire or damaged by the water used to fight the fire.4 Later the majority of remnants were disposed of by the government. No records from Arizona survived.

The censuses confirm that Armour M., Helen M., and Carl Burnett Scholefield are the children of George P. and Clara Ann.

Research Plan:

  1. Check the Tucson Daily Citizen for mention of the family. Various years of this paper are available by subscription at GenealogyBank and NewspaperArchive.
  2. Locate George and Clara in with their parents in censuses for 1880 and 1870.

1. 1920 U.S. census, Pima County, Arizona, population schedule, Rosemont Precinct, enumeration district (ED) 86, sheet 6B, p. 31 (reverse, stamped), dwelling 53, family 55, George P. Scholefield household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 21 Aug 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T625, roll 51.
2. 1910 U.S. census, Pima County, Arizona, population schedule, Rosemont Precinct, enumeration district (ED) 91, sheet 3B, p. 74 (reverse, stamped), dwelling 17, family 17, George Scholefield household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 21 Aug 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T624, roll 41.
3. 1900 U.S. census, Pima County, Arizona Territory, population schedule, Tucson, enumeration district (ED) 49, sheet 29A, p. 126 (stamped), dwelling 672, family 686, George P. Scholefield household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 21 Aug 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T623, roll 47.
4. Don Pusch, “The 1890 Census: Sifting Through the Ashes,” The CLF Newsletter XIII (May 1999): 8-10; archived newsletter articles, Clayton Library Friends (http://www.claytonlibraryfriends.org/Resources/ ArchivedNewsletterArticles/tabid/115/ctl/Detail/mid/954/xmid/77/xmfid/10/Default.aspx : accessed 21 Aug 2008)

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