The Whittle Family Tree

I received mail from Ruth just before Christmas with Thomas Whittle’s Civil War records1. It is woefully thin and consists of nothing more than the Muster Roll sheets. I have never found any evidence of a claim for pension by Thomas or by his wife Sarah. As it has been several weeks – lets do a quick recap of what we know and what was told in the family story.

Thomas marries Sarah Flayhart and fathers 6 children. Sometime in the early part of the Civil War (our best guess is 1861) he departs Towsontown and in Feb 1862 he is in the 18th Kentucky Infantry. The family believes he is killed in battle somewhere (we already disproved Shiloh), but it is possible he was captured or deserted.2,3,4

First up is the Company Muster-In Roll from 8 Feb 1862, which says that he “Joined for duty and enrolled” Dec 9, 1861 in Falmouth, Ky and Received one months pay from the State of Kentucky. This confirms “early in the late war” as 1861 and places him in Falmouth Kentucky a full two months earlier than we thought.

Company Muster-in Roll for Thomas Whittle

Company Muster-in Roll for Thomas Whittle

There are muster rolls sheets that show he was present for duty from the time of enrollment through Dec 1862. The next item of interest in the Company Muster Roll for Jan & Feb 1863 and at the bottom in the Book Mark section state “Deserted Jany 20/63”

Thomas Whittle Muster Roll Feb 1863

Thomas Whittle Muster Roll Feb 1863

Of greater interest is the List of Deserters sheet from Apl 30, 1863[sic] with the Remarks: “Last heard from Apr 15/63”. Huh? I guess he didn’t die in January when he wasn’t present for duty, as someone heard from him in April 1863. Why didn’t these people keep track of this stuff – where’s the darn reports of who and where????

List of Deserters - Thomas Whittle

List of Deserters - Thomas Whittle

The last item in the file is the April 4, 1865 Co. Muster-out Roll. This occurred in Goldsboro, North Carolina. It basically shows his last pay draw was from Oct 31, 1862 and gives us some solid information. “Deserted Lexington Ky. Jan 20th 1863”.

Company Muster Out Roll for Thomas Whittle

Company Muster Out Roll for Thomas Whittle

In the History of the Kentucky Infantry for the 18th Infantry, the unit was in Lexington Kentucky from December 5 1862 and then moved to Louisville by January 27th. In April, when he was supposedly last heard from, the unit was in Carthage, Tennessee.

Here we are again with more questions:
Who and how did they last hear from him? Did he send a letter to his Company Commander or a buddy? I’m guessing it was a “sent” message as if he had shown up, he would have been disciplined in some way or faced a court martial.

The Union Army felt it was a desertion and there is no evidence of a battle in which he could have been one of the “unknown dead” – so what happened to Thomas Whittle? He didn’t go home, so where did he go? Did he wander west and change his name, as so many did, and start a new life and a new family? Did he desert and head home to see his wife and die enroute? Was there a letter from Capt Littlejohn asking Sarah if she’d seen him as he was listed as a deserter? Was the story about a letter saying he died just a story by Sarah to protect her families reputation?

I’ll leave it to the reader to choose an ending to the story of Thomas Whittle as I don’t have any answers at this time. Hey it’s the Whittle men – what did you expect?

1. Military Records of Thomas Whittle; privately held by Ruth Brooks Wilmington, Delaware.
2. See post dated 12 Dec 2008.
3. See post dated 13 Dec 2008.
4. See post dated 16 Dec 2008.

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Scholefield Family Tree

Well, it turns out that my caution was warranted. A while back, I was searching for Mary Virginia Scholefield who reportedly married a McMillan. That was all I had, so I did some census searching and found a woman who appeared to be the woman I was looking for.1 It turns out that she was not the right one. My gut was wrong.

Based on more recent findings, I now know that Virginia’s husband was named Arthur C. McMillan.2 Even though the record located was not specific about the source of the information, there are other sources that confirm their marriage.

A census search for a Virginia Mc Millan (notice the space) with a husband named Arthur living in New York City in 1900 turns up this family:3

McMillan, Arthur E, Head, W, M, Aug 1862, married 8 years, New York, New York, Massachusetts, Clergyman, can read, write and speak English, rents a house
——, Virginia S, Wife, W, F, Apr 1862, 8 years, 3 children, 3 living, New York, Massachusetts, New York, Housekeeper, can read, write and speak English
——, John B, Son, W, M, Sep 1893, 6, Single, Colorado, New York, New York, attended school 5 months, can read, write and speak English
——, George S, Son, W, M, July 1895, 4, Single, Colorado, New York, New York, school 5 months
——, Helen DeG, Daughter, W, F, Oct 1898, 1, Single, Colorado, New York, New York
Bagley, Maggie, Cook, B, F, Nov 1883, 16, Single, Virginia, Virginia, Virginia, Servant, school 4 months, can read, write and speak English

Since the daughter is named Helen DeG (likely short for DeGraff) and one son is named George S (likely short for Scholefield), one may assume that the children were named for family members. Helen was named after her grandmother and George after his uncle.

A Google search for — arthur mcmillan “virginia scholefield” — returns a GoogleBooks hit for the Hamilton Literary Magazine. Arthur was a Hamilton College alumn, graduating in 1886, and the college’s paper carried an announcement of his marriage.4

This corroborates both the odd finding on FamilySearch as well as the caculated year of marriage from the 1900 Census.

blockquoteMcMILLAN—SCHOLEFIELD—In New York city, 65 West 70th Street, Tuesday evening. June 21, 1892, Rev. Arthur Chase McMillan. ’86, of Granite, Montana, and Miss Virginia Scholefield, daughter of Mrs. Helen M. Scholefield.

To more clearly discover the birth dates of the children (remember, that is as far as this project will extend), there are several options. Unfortunately, Colorado did not begin to record birth records at the state level until 1907. Back at Ancestry.com, the WWI draft registration cards report that John Baylies McMillan was born on 2 Sep 1893 in Canon City, Colorado.5 His brother George S. was born 26 Jul 1895 in the same city.6 Now that we have a place where the three children were likely born, we discover that there are birth records for Canon City back to 1885 held by the county clerk, but they aren’t online.

Helen is the one that a researcher would anticipate problems for when attempting to locate a more specific date of birth. Anytime a genealogist deals with women, they have to locate a key piece of data: her name change. However, Helen turned out to be only partially a pain — I attacked the problem by looking at her relatives. A Google search for her brother John’s full name in quotes returns a result for his obituary which was carried in The Altamont Enterprise (yes, I still don’t want this information, but there is a method to my madness). Helen’s name is reported as “Mrs. E.H. Hendrickson.” Back on Ancestry I locate a result in the SSDI for a Helen Hendrickson whose last residence was in Westchester County, New York. She might be correct, but her birthdate is 23 Jul 1898 instead of October 1898. So I know her name, but narrowing down her actual birthdate is problematic.

1. See post dated 24 Oct 2008.
2. See post dated 8 Dec 2008.
3. 1900 U.S. census, New York County, New York population schedule, New York City, Borough of Manhattan, enumeration district (ED) 478, sheet 18B, p. 140 (reverse, stamped), dwelling 83, family 424, Arthur E McMillan household; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 23 Dec 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T623, roll 1103.
4. “Married,” Hamilton Literary Magazine, Jun 1892, 36; digital images, Google Book Search (http://books.google.com : accessed 23 Dec 2008).
5. “World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918,” database and images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 23 Dec 2008), John Baylies McMillan, no. 147, Draft Board 4, Syracuse, Onondaga County, New York; citing World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918.
6. Ibid., George S. McMillan, no. 24, Draft Board 2, Yonkers, Westchester County, New York.

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The Whittle Family Tree

Part 3 of Doubting Thomas will deal with the departure of Thomas from his home and his enlistment in the Federal Army in Kentucky. This has really been the stumbling block for the story of Thomas with the family. I was greatly interested in the family story regarding Thomas Whittle, and in who might have started the story. Stories like this come down in every family and pinning down where they begin is usually near impossible. The undated news article that I posted Saturday may at least help us narrow down where the story came from. The article (in part) said

“In the early part of the late war he left Towsontown for Pittsburgh and the last heard of him was that he had left that city and had enlisted in a Kentucky regiment of the Federal Army and took part in the battle of Shiloh. A letter afterwards received from his captain stated that he was seen before entering the battle, but that his regiment had met with great loss and it was not known whether Mr. Whittle was killed, captured, or had deserted. As nothing more was ever heard of him there is no doubt that he was among the unknown dead. The deceased [unreadable] three children – E. Dorsey, Joshua T. and Mrs. William H Hoffman. Joshua T. Whittle is the well known ice-cream manufacturer in Glyndon. W.M.R.R.”

Who gave the reporter the story? The death of an older female resident rarely elicits much more then a short paragraph, but this reporter wrote something closer to a story on Thomas. Sarah was gone, so who told the story? The options are her brother, one of her two sons, or her daughter. I am doubtful it was her daughter Annie as she lived in Baltimore at the time. Her brother Edward Flayhart was about 70 when the article was written and had been a pump maker in Towsontown, but this would hardly make him a newsworthy man. Edward Dorsey Whittle had been a Constable in Towsontown1 and Joshua T. Whittle was the former Sheriff of Baltimore County.2 Both men would have been well known in the community and would also have been considered “newsworthy”, so my money is on one or both of the boys.

Why is it important to know who told the story? It’s about level of knowledge, perspective, and distance from the event. When Thomas left “in the early part of the late war”, how old would these people have been and what type of memory would they have of the event? In 1861 Edward Dorsey would have been about 14 and Joshua T. would have been about 5. Edward would have had very clear memories of the departure and becoming the man of the house, while Joshua’s would have been the memories of a child. They are no less valid than Edwards, but a young child’s memories are often based on hearing a story over and over, while an older child’s memories are of the event itself.

I think in this case it would be wise to utilize a time line for Thomas Items in brackets {} are the items from the news story that are unproven.

1820 – Birth of Thomas Whittle in Maryland
1842 – Marriage to Sarah Flayhart
1844 – 1849 Birth of son Andrew Jameson, son Edward Dorsey, daughter Sarah Rebecca
1850 – Census Towsontown Baltimore County
1852 – 1856 Birth of daughter Ann E., death of son Andrew Jameson, birth of son Joshua T.
1856 – Builds a small home in N.E. Towsontown (the stone house Sarah would sell)
1860 – Birth of son Robert
1860 – Census Towsontown
1861 – {Early in war departs for Pittsburgh}
Feb 1862 – Enlists in Kentucky Infantry (from military records in Ruth’s possession)
1862 – {Participated in the Battle of Shiloh}
1863 – Military Records list him as deserted (from military records in Ruth’s possession)

The time of the event now becomes a larger piece of the equation. “In the early part of the late war” is a pretty open time frame. The war began with the bombardment of Fort Sumter 12-13 April 1861 and ended 9 April 1865 at Appomattox, Virginia. What does the early part consist of? In February 1862 the war would have been less than a year old, but 30 years later it could have been seen as the early days of the war.

We will probably never know why Thomas Whittle left Baltimore and wound up in Kentucky. There are loads of reasons you can try to apply to the situation – search for work, land and opportunity away from the war or escape from family obligations. Baltimore was not a fun place to be during the Civil War, and it truly was a city of divided loyalties. Perhaps Thomas was simply going to look for a better place for his family. There are no Whittles in Pittsburgh on the 1860 census, but there are numerous Whittles in Kentucky. Regardless of why he went, we can look at the route he would have taken. The natural travel route in 1861 or 1862 to Kentucky would have been through Pittsburgh, Pensylvania, as the direct route to Kentucky would have been through Virginia, which was controlled by the South. His first major stop would have been where the wagon road ended in Pittsburgh. “… he left Towsontown for Pittsburgh and the last heard of him was that he had left that city …” If you break this down it makes sense that the last heard of him was that he left that city. It would have been the last opportunity to mail a letter prior to his departure for Kentucky. He would have boarded a river boat of some type in Pittsburgh and gone down the Ohio to Kentucky.

February 1862 he enlisted in the Union Army in Kentucky according to the records Ruth received from the National Archives.3 His nephews Samuel and Charles are in the Maryland Regiments – if you were simply going to enlist why would you leave and go all the way to Kentucky to do it? As Arwen pointed out to me when we reviewed the news article – not every man enlisted where he lived. However, the enlistment somehow does not seem like the reason for the trip. Regardless of the reason behind it, there is documentation that a Thomas Whittle of the correct age and place of birth enlisted in the 18th Kentucky Infantry in February 1862 as a private in Company F run by Capt. William H. Littlejohn.
(more…)

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The Whittle Family Tree

As I mentioned previously, I received some information from Ruth the day after I drafted the Doubting Thomas post. I had also done a little more research and was trying to decide how to incorporate it into the post when the package from Ruth arrived. Finally, I decided to just handle the information in the next couple of posts. This post will deal with all the vital statistic things concerning Thomas and Sarah’s family, and the next post will deal with the family story of Thomas’ leaving and his military service.

Ruth Brooks has been researching the Whittle Family for years and Thomas is her husband’s great grandfather. She told me that she no longer actively researches and has been wonderful in sharing her research with me in hopes that putting it out here may lead us to some answers. She was quick to tell me that she is an amateur, but I will tell you that there is nothing amateur about her skills and her accomplishment in tracking down paperwork on this family is outstanding. Ruth is an accomplished genealogist and family historian, and I am grateful for all her help.

In the package Ruth sent me there were a couple of really important things that apply to the last post. First up is the marriage of Thomas Whittle and Sarah Flayhart in 1842. Ruth provided the following information. A marriage license was granted in Baltimore County 15 Oct 1842, and they were married at the 1st Methodist Episcopal Church on Light Street near Redwood by Isaac P. Cook, a prominent local Methodist preacher, on 20 Oct 1842.1 The online date is off by a couple of months.

Also in question was the date of death of Thomas and Sarah’s son Robert, shown on line with the unsourced date of 23 Apr 1864. Ruth offered this documentation from the Baltimore County Advocate dated 23 Apr 1864:2

In Towsontown, on the 29th ult. Robert Spencer Vinton Whittle died, 3 years, 11 months & 8 days old.

So the unsourced date is in error as it used the date of the article. The correct date of death for young Robert is actually 29 March 1864. Using the Tombstone Birthday Calculator we find his actual date of birth is 21 Apr 1860.

Ruth had told me that she had a news article about Sarah’s passing that gave a lot more information. The package included a copy of that uncredited and undated news article which provided some interesting family data.3

blockquoteDeath of a Former Resident of Towsontown. – Mrs. Sarah Whittle died at the residence of her daughter, in Baltimore, on Saturday evening last after a long illness in her 68th year of age. She was the eldest daughter of the late John Flayhart and sister of Mr. Edward Flayhart, of Towsontown. She was born in a house that formerly stood on the hill just below the residence of Judge M. C. Burke, and lived here until about twenty years ago, when she removed to Baltimore. Her husband was the late Thomas Whittle, who was a brother of Jeremiah Whittle of Long Green Valley. In the early part of the late war he left Towsontown for Pittsburg and the last heard of him was that he had left that city and had enlisted in a Kentucky regiment of the Federal Army and took part in the battle of Shiloh. A letter afterwards received from his captain stated that he was seen before entering the battle, but that his regiment had met with great loss and it was not known whether Mr. Whittle was killed, captured, or had deserted. As nothing more was ever heard of him there is no doubt that he was among the unknown dead. The deceased [unreadable] three children – E. Dorsey, Joshua T. and Mrs. William H Hoffman. Joshua T. Whittle is the well known ice-cream manufacturer in Glyndon. W.M.R.R.”

The article appears to have been published within a couple weeks of her 24 May 1890 death and is probably from a newspaper from Towsontown, based on the statement “…and lived here until about twenty years ….”.

I searched GenealogyBank and found this from The Sun, dated 15 Mar 1873, a news Article on Local Matters, page 1:4

Property Sale – Mrs. Sarah Whittle has sold her stone house and lot, 49 feet front, with a depth of 210 feet, in Towsontown, to Mr. Alfred Phipps, for $1,100 cash.

Using the article that Ruth sent we now have confirmed Sarah’s maiden name is Flayhart, daughter of John, and her brother Edward Flayhart is still alive in Towsontown. She was born in 1822 in Towsontown and the house is no longer standing. Thomas and Jeremiah of Long Green Valley are brothers. Three of her six children are deceased by 1890. Andrew Jamison Whittle, Robert Spencer Vinton died 1864, and Sarah.

Ruth’s documentation also provided the following information on Andrew Jamison Whittle. From the Batimore County Advocate dated 10 Apr 1852:5

In Towsontown, on the 29th, Andrew Jamison Whittle died in the 8th year of his age.

With that information I was able to locate this from The Sun, dated 2 Apr 1852, which specifically links this Andrew to Thomas and Sarah:6

At Towsontown, on the 29th ultimo, ANDREW JAMESON, in the 8th year of his age, eldest child of Thomas and Sarah Whittle.

In looking for Sarah, I started trying to track down Sarah R. Hunt (the name from the 1870 census), but there were at least two on the 1880 census that could have fit. Flipping through the information from Ruth, I found that she had Sarah married to William H. Greenfield, but she had no death date. I went back to genealogybank with the new information and brought up the following obituary in The Sun from 22 Jan 1880, Mortuary Notice, pg 2:7

GREENFIELD – On January 21, after a long and painful illnesss, SARAH REBECCA, aged 30 years, 6 months and 12 days, beloved wife of Wm. H. Greenfiled, and eldest daughter of Thos. and Sarah Whittle.

Above the blest and pearly gates,
Where Jesus, loving Saviou, waits;
Where all is peaceful, bright and fair,
My home is there, my home is there,

Heaven retaineth now our treasure,
Earth the lonely casket keeps;
And the sunbeams love to linger
Where our living Sallie sleeps.

Her funeral will take place from her late residence, No. 403 McHenry street, on to-morrow (Friday) afternoon, at three o’clock. Relatives and friends are invited to attend.

So we now have the last child missing from Sarah Flayhart Whittle’s news article; Sarah Rebecca Whittle Greenfield, born 9 Jul 1849 in Towsontown, Baltimore, Maryland, died 21 Jan 1880, Baltimore City, Maryland. I have not figured out when she was married or the confusion of the 1870 census where she is listed as Sarah R. Hunt. Obviously, I won’t find an 1880 census as she died in January, but we have the basics for now and can move on.

1. Marriage Record Information of Thomas Whittle; privately held by Ruth Brooks Wilmington, Delaware.
2. “Mortuary Notice,” (Baltimore) The Baltimore County Advocate, 23 Apr 1864.
3. News Article – Sarah Flayhart Whittle; privately held by Ruth Brooks Wilmington, Delaware.
4. “Local Matters,” The Sun, 15 Mar 1873, p. 1; digital images, Genealogybank.com (http://www.genealogybank.com : accessed 12 Dec 2008), Historical Papers.
5. “Mortuary Notice,” (Baltimore) The Baltimore County Advocate, 10 Apr 1852.
6. “Mortuary Notice,” The Sun, 2 Apr 1852, p. 2; digital images, Genealogybank.com (http://www.genealogybank.com : accessed 12 Dec 2008), Historical Papers.
7. “Mortuary Notice,” The Sun, 22 Jan 1880, p. 2; digital images, GenealogyBank (www.genealogybank.com : accessed 12 Dec 2008), Historical Newspapers.

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The Whittle Family Tree

I wrote this post and it has set in draft for a couple of weeks while I tried to decide if I wanted to approach the documentation of the search in this manner. It’s a lot of information and this post is what I had on 1 Dec 2008. On 2 Dec 2008 I received a package from Ruth with more information and that’s why I stopped this draft. I’ve decided to let this post stand and cover the information provided by the family in the next post.

The Whittles remain a family that have many more questions than answers and such is the case with Thomas Whittle, born about 1820 in Baltimore County, Maryland. Thomas appears to have married Sarah Flayhart of Towsontown, Maryland in 1842. There is at least one family tree on line with a marriage date of 20 Dec 1842, but I have not seen the documentation to confirm that. Thomas and Sarah first appeared together by name on the 1850 census in Towsontown, Baltimore, Maryland.1

Information previously supplied by Ruth in an email indicates the family is in possession of paperwork showing that in 1853 a piece of property in Towson was put in the name of Mary Flayhart in trust for her daughter Sarah Whittle. In Sept. 1856 The Baltimore County Advocate reported that a small dwelling was in the course of erection by Thomas Whittle in the northeastern part of the village of Towson. The small news piece was picked up by The Sun.2 The Thomas Whittle family appears together again on the 1860 Census just before the Civil War.3 The family consists of Thomas 39, Sarah 37, and their six children; Edward 13, Sarah R. 10, Ann E. 8, Joshua T. 4, and Robert aged 2 months (born May 1860).

The family story (as supplied by Ruth) is that Thomas Whittle left Towson for Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and eventually went to Kentucky. This is where he enlisted as a Private in Co. F, 18th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry, in February 1862, when he would have been about 42 yrs. old, leaving a wife and 6 children. The family story also says that he had been killed either at the battle of Shiloh or Gettysburg. When Ruth sent for his military records, she found that the records of Thomas Whittle of the 18th Regiment Kentucky Infantry listed him as deserted in 1863.

In 1870 Sarah and five children (Edward, Sarah R. Hunt, Ann Hoffman, Alice, and Joshua) are still together in Towsontown, but son Robert, born May 1860 and husband Thomas Whittle are missing from this census.4 One tree posted online has young Robert Whittle with a death date of 23 Apr 1864. His absence from the 1870 census leads to the probability that he is deceased. Also in 1870, it appears that Anne and Sarah R. have married, but their men are missing from this record– big shock – they are after all Whittle women!!!

By 1880 however, Sarah is living with her daughter Annie and her husband William Hoffman.5 This is also the first census that documents a social status and Sarah is enumerated as a widow, which is an answer of sorts about Thomas.

There is a public tree up on Ancestry with a copy of Sarah Whittle’s death certificate. Her date of death is 24 May 1890 and lists her cause of death as Cancer Uteri with a secondary cause as Exhaustion, and her place of Burial as Mount Olivet on 27 May 1890.6 This record does not however, list her maiden name or relationship to any family member, but it does list her as a widow. There is a short obituary in The Sun which supports this death certificate as being our Sarah Whittle:7

blockquoteWHITTLE – On the evening of May 24, SARAH WHITTLE, widow of the late Thomas Whittle, formerly of Towsontown. (Towsontown papers please copy.) Her funeral will take place Tuesday afternoon at two o’clock, from the residence of her daughter, No 1811 Wilhelm Street, near Fulton street.

There are many questions to be answered:
  • How does the family know he went to Pittsburgh?
  • What was he doing in Pittsburgh?
  • Why would he go all the way to Kentucky (via Pittsburgh) to enlist in the Union army when his cousins were enlisting in the Maryland units?
  • How do they know this Kentucky Thomas Whittle is the right Thomas Whittle?

1. 1850 U.S. census, Baltimore, Maryland, population schedule, District 2, p. 66, dwelling 880, family 887, Thomas Whittle Household; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.Ancestry.com : accessed 29 Nov 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M432, roll 279.
2. “Things in Baltimore County,” The Sun, 13 Sep 1856, p. 2; digital images.
3. 1860 U.S. census, Baltimore, Maryland, population schedule, District 9, dwelling 444, family 437, Thomas Whittle Household; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 29 Nov 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M653, roll 468.
4. 1870 U.S. census, Baltimore County, Maryland, population schedule, District 9, p. 455, dwelling 115, family 115, Sarah Whittle Household; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.Ancestry.com : accessed 29 Nov 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M593, roll 570.
5. 1880 U.S. census, Baltimore County, Maryland, population schedule, Baltimore, enumeration district (ED) 176, p. 586, dwelling 188, family 226, Sarah Whittle in Household of William Hoffman; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.Ancestry.com : accessed 29 Nov 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T9, roll 504.
6. Baltimore City, Maryland, death certificate no. 27261 (1890), Sarah Whittle; digital image, “Ancestry Public Member Photos,” Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 29 Nov 2008).
7. “Mortuary Notice,” The Sun, 26 May 1890, p. 2; digital images, GenealogyBank (http://www.genealogybank.com : accessed 29 Nov 2008), Historical Newspapers.

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Scholefield Family Tree

Another resource available on FamilySeach is the International Genealogical Index (IGI). This index contains indexes to microfilm which contain vital records and to patron submitted information. It is recommended that all information located on the IGI be verified. One reason is that vital records may contain more information than was extracted or may have been read incorrectly. Another is that patron submitted information may provide a source or other information.

I found a few leads, but they may not be verifiable with online records (since we won’t be spending money on these cold case files which we have adopted).

George Parsons Scholefield & Clara Ann Moore — A patron submission identifies their marriage date as 2 Jun 1882 in Silver Bell, Pinal, Arizona. The same record reports George’s death as the 30th instead of the 31st of Aug 1942.

Mary Virginia Scholefield — A confusing record for her marriage appears. It states Virginia Scholefield married Arthur C. McMillan on 21 Jun 1892 in Manhattan, New York. However, the source is impossible to truly determine. The batch is M006668, has no linked source information, except the notes that it was a film and that it was extracted for the locality listed. So — this seems to be a glorified family group sheet entry. I say that because I really have no way to tell where this record came from, and all I can use it for is a guide.

Mae Stuart Scholefield — Another record reports that Mae married Guy Joseph Edwords on 27 Dec 1898 in Manhattan, New York. This source comes back to batch file M005937 which again has no specific source information.

Archibald Robert Shaw — A record for batch C00118-8 for an unknown film records that he was born 16 Aug 1889 in Manhattan, New York. This record doesn’t even report that the records were location specific.

Carl Burnett Scholefield — A patron submission reports his marriage date as 11 Aug 1911. A second submission gives his place of birth as Globe, Gila, Arizona (one of the two possible places which are alternatly reported for his birth), and clarifies his death place as San Jose, Santa Clara, California.

Helen M. Scholefield — A patron reports her middle name was Mae (she may have been named after her aunt).

Charles M. Scholefield — A patron reported that his parents were Arnold Scholefield and Abegail Burnham, that he married Helen DeGraff on 24 Aug 1859 when he lived in Utica, Oneida, New York, and has a death date of Nov 1870 which conflicts with the date I have of 1869.

Helen Marr Degraff — A patron reported that she was of Amsterdam, Montgomery, New York, and that her parents were named Harmonus Degraff and Susannah Thomas.

James Armour Moore — An index record for The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record reports his baptism on 1 May 1825 at Christs Church, Rye, Westchester, New York, and his parents as Michael Moore and Susan. However, there is also a patron submitted record for a James Armour Moore who was born 19 Apr 1825 (I have 4 Apr) in New York who died in 1882. It is possible that there are two men who share the same name.

Matilda Jane Burnett Moore — A patron reports that she was born in Charleston, Charleston, South Carolina.

Blissie Helen Scholefield Lee — She apparently joined the LDS Church and therefore her record can be considered reliable. Her birth date matches the one I have, and her birthplace is specified as Oakland. She married a Harold Sniffen Lee on 28 Sep 1935 in Yuma County, Arizona, and died on 17 Sep 1995. A patron submission clarifies that she died in Globe, Gila, Arizona.

It is possible that since Blissie was LDS, she was the one who submitted some of the above information. However, since some data doesn’t match with what I have, other bits may also be incorrect.

Specific citations available upon request.

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Scholefield Family Tree

It usually turns out that the last place you look is always the one where you find your answer! In this case, it confirms the census searches I did for James Arthur Moore’s wife. And in genealogy, even after you find something, you keep looking because one piece of evidence may be wrong!

There is a Pedigree Resource File match for James Arthur Moore to Frederica Angelica Poulsen. (Yeah, I was right on her maiden name!) This is a user submitted family tree which reports that the couple married on 2 Apr 1923 in Phoenix, Arizona.1 There are notes which can be found if one chooses to examine the CD, but no sources. (Unsourced family trees found on the Internet should be taken only as a research guide — all information should be verified.) Ikke Givet is the reported submitter, and s/he did not provide an address which could be used for personal contact regarding a source.

The Western States Marriage Index did not return a result and does cover Maricopa County for 1923, so I went back there to attempt to verify the date and place. However, when I put in a date range for Maricopa County with no information about the people, there are absolutely no records. Maybe the database is broken? Maybe the database only has a few records after a certain year, the last being in 1951 (they do take user submissions)? Or, the place is incorrect?

If I had to choose a first place to look for a marriage record, I would look at what I know and assume that they met in California because that is where Frederica lived in 1920. Then they were in CA in 1930. I would look first in California! (But as you know, nothing has yet been posted to the internet to answer our question.2)

1. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, “Pedigree Resource File,” database, FamilySearch (http://www.familysearch.org : accessed 2 Dec 2008), entry for James Arthur Moore (PIN 4117683); submitted by Ikke Givet, no contact information provided.
2. See post dated 29 Nov 2008.

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The Whittle Family Tree

I spent a couple of days looking at Susan Whittle Barber. This is the sister of our Unknown Whittle that we first found living with her mother Elizabeth Whittle in 1850. In 1850 the household consisted of:1

Elizabeth Wittle age 65
Susannah Barber age 27
Lucretia Barber age 9
Amanda E. Barber age 5

A quick search of Ancestry brings us more information including the marriage record of Susan A. Whittle to Benjamin Barber 28 Nov 1839 2 in Baltimore, Maryland and they appear on the 1840 Census in District 2, Baltimore.3 Benjamin is between 20 and 30 and Susan is between 15 and 20. Of course by 1850 Benjamin is not listed and Susan is living with her mother and her two daughters, Lucretia born about 1841 and Amanda E. born about 1845. This is yet another male in the Whittle family that goes missing in the late 1840s. I started out thinking that this is some kind of male Whittle issue, but now I’m wondering what the women did that all these men go missing!!

In 1860 there is a census record for a Susan E. Barber is in District 9, Baltimore City and is the head of household, but her 19 year old daughter Lucretia has married William J. Thompson, a 31 year old carpenter from Pennsylvania and Amanda has been erroneously enumerated as Amanda Thompson rather than Barber.4 Susan is working as a Toll Gate keeper. The middle initial at this point did not concern me.

Next up is Susan Barber (no middle initial) in 1870 and this census located her in Ward 12 of Baltimore City as a member of the household of Charles Abell.5 It appears that her younger daughter Amanda has now married Charles Abell, a printer. Also included in the household, are their two young daughters, Virginia born about 1866, and Grace born about 1869.

This is where it gets a little different. The 1870 census is the last time I find Susan Whittle as a “Barber”. An extensive search failed to turn her up with that name in the Census records. However, while searching for information on the Whittles, I had happened across a plot in Govans Presbyterian Church Cemetery for Mrs. Susan E. Barbour, born 24 Mar 1822, and interred 9 Dec 1916. The cemetery records have a note stating “nee Whittle”.6 She shares lot 97 with Mrs. Benjamin Barbour, born 16 Apr 1817, interred 29 Apr 1848. HUH? Susan A. Whittle married Benjamin Barber in 1839, but Susan E. Barbour, nee Whittle, is sharing a plot with an unknown Mrs. Benjamin Barbour in Govans who died in 1848? My first thought was that this was Benjamin’s mother, but this woman was only five years older than Susan. A quick search of my usual sites did not bring me any news or obituaries. With names and interment dates, I have contacted Ruth and asked her to do a more extensive local search for obituaries.

Susan E. Barbour first appears in the 1880 Census.7 Her age is 56 and she is born in Maryland. Her parents match up with Jeremiah and Elizabeth Whittle as her father is born in Maryland and her mother is born in Pennsylvania. She is widowed, boarding with the Bull family, and working as a Tailoress. There is an 1890 Baltimore City Directory that provides an address of 229 N. Gilmore for Mrs. Susan E. Barbour.8

The 1900 Census places Susan E. Barbour as a boarder in the household of Alpheus Smith.9 This record gives us the birth date of March 1822, which matches our cemetery record. The new information is that she is the mother of three, with two children living. At 78 years of age, she has no occupation. The last time I locate Susan is on the 1910 census when she is 87 years of age and living in the Methodist Home for the Aged in Baltimore.10

In summary, what little I know at this moment is that Susan Whittle Barber/Barbour was born 24 Mar 1822. Susan A. Whittle married Benjamin Barber/Barbour 28 Nov 1939. Whether her real name is Susan A. or Susannah is not known, and without a family bible or baptismal records it will remain so. It is entirely possible the clerk that filled out paperwork for the marriage heard Susannah and wrote Susan A. If there is anyone in Baltimore that would like to find that original document and send me a copy, I would be happy to update the site. The first time the word widow appears is on the 1880 Census. Up until this time it has been an assumption on our part that she was widowed. She is interred as of 9 Dec 1916 in lot 97 of Govans Cemetery. Her mother Elizabeth is in lot 88 at Govans Cemetery with her grandson Samuel N. Whittle. Until other information becomes available this is where we stand with Susan.

1. See post dated 9 Oct 2008.
2. Dodd, Jordan, Liahona Research, “Maryland Marriages, 1655-1850,” database, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 28 Nov 2008), Marriage of Benjamin Barber and Susan A. Whittle 28 Nov 1839; citing maryland Marriage, 1655-1680.
3. 1840 U.S. census, Baltimore County, Maryland, District 2, p. 65, Benjamin Barber Household; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 28 Nov 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M704, roll 162.
4. 1860 U.S. census, Baltimore, Maryland, population schedule, 9th District, dwelling 630, family 614, Susan Barber Household; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 28 Nov 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M653, roll 468. 5. 1870 U.S. census, Baltimore County, Maryland, population schedule, 12th Ward, p. 172, dwelling 234, family 232, Household of Charles Abell; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.Ancestry.com : accessed 28 Nov 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M593, roll 576.
6. “Govans Interment Records” (typescript, 2007, Govans Presbyterian Church, Baltimore), p. 2.
7. 1880 U.S. census, Baltimore County, Maryland, population schedule, District 12, enumeration district (ED) 105, p. 22, dwelling 97, family 112, Susan E. Barbour in Household of Chas. Bull; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.Ancestry.com : accessed 28 Nov 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T9, roll 501.
8. “Baltimore, Maryland Directories, 1890,” database, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 28 Nov 2008), Mrs. Susan E. Barbour; citing Baltimore City directory, 1890, Baltimore, MD, USA: R. L. Polk and Co., 1890.
9. 1900 U.S. census, Baltimore City, Maryland, population schedule, Ward 20, p. 6B, dwelling 95, family 124, Susan E. Barbour in Household of Alpheus L. Smith; digital image, Ancestry.com (http//:www.ancestry.com : accessed 28 Nov 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T623, roll 617.
10. 1910 U.S. census, Baltimore City, Maryland, population schedule, Ward 20, enumeration district (ED) 339, p. 4A, Susan Barbour in Methodist Home for the Aged; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 20 Nov 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T624, roll 560

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