Scholefield Family Tree

There are four places I can search for recent obituaries — all of them require that a searcher go through some hoops to use them. Ancestry, GenealogyBank, and NewspaperArchive all require subscriptions. Newsbank is available free online for Pima County residents who hold a valid public library card. All will be checked to fill in information about George and Clara Scholefield’s grandchildren.


Searching NewspaperArchive first, I find A. Major Brodie on the front page the day of his death because he died in a fire.1

blockquoteSmoking in bed apparently cost a Tucson man his life today, police and fire department officials said.

They said A. Major Brodie was trying to get to a door in a bedroom when he apparently was overcome by flames and smoke in his home at 929 N. Hoff Ave. about 5 am.


A. Major had worked for the State Highway Department and was a bachelor. He was reportedly a polio victim and suffered from arthritis but did not use crutches. Officials would not speculate about whether his conditions contributed to his death. A few days later, an obituary ran which named his cousins: Blissie H. Lee of Globe, Ariz., Catherine Schnitter of Reno, Nev., Virginia Matison of Placerville, Calif. 2 These names (aside from the spelling) agree with those in Helen Brodie’s obituary and provide some leads that need to be checked.3

Catherine Schnitter was born in Arizona on 26 Oct 1913 and died 26 Dec 2005 in Reno, Nevada.4 She was preceeded in death by her parents and all of her siblings: Virginia Matson, Blissie Lee, Carol Tuttle, and George Scholefield. She was survived by her husband Hans (no children are named). The couple owned a portrait studio for several years and enjoyed fishing for salmon out of Crescent City, California. Katie had also worked for the Reno Police Department and the Nevada Bank of Commerce.

The spelling of Matson for Virginia’s last name reveals an obituary for her which states that she died on 3 Jun 2005 and:5

blockquoteAda, who went by Virginia, was born in Rosemont, Ariz., on April 8, 1915, on a kitchen table in a U.S. Forest Service ranger station. She and her brother and sisters rode their horses to school when they moved to Portal, Ariz., in the Chiricahua Mountains.

Virginia worked as a dental assistant during college and later worked for the Sacramento Bee and for Pacific Bell Telephone Company. She married Charles E. Matson three months after meeting him at a dance in Reno. They had one daughter. During retirement, the couple ran a commercial fishing venture out of Crescent City, California — apparently the one her sister Katie fished with?

Additionally, articles about Virginia’s marriage appeared in the Reno News. She married Charles E. Matson, who was a parachutist with the 101 Airborne Division in England, France, Belgium, Germany and Holland, on 17 Nov 1954.6 She carried on a Matson family tradition by wearing the dress which was worn by her future mother-in-law and sisters-in-law at their own weddings.

1. “Fire Kills Tucsonian; Smoking Abed Cited,” Tucson Daily Citizen, 12 Nov 1970, p. 1, col. 5-6; digital images, NewspaperArchive.com (http://www.newspaperarchive.com : accessed 6 Sep 2008).
2. “Funeral Notices: BRODIE, A. Major,” Tucson Daily Citizen, 13 Nov 1970, p. 44, col. 2; digital images, NewspaperArchive.com (http://www.newspaperarchive.com : accessed 6 Sep 2008).
3. See post dated 23 Aug 2008.
4. “America’s Obituaries & Death Notices,” database, NewsBank, inc. (http://0-infoweb.newsbank.com.librarycatalog.pima.gov/ : accessed 30 Sep 2008), obituary for Catherine “Katie” H. SCHNITTER; citing Reno (Nevada) Gazette-Journal, 30 Dec 2005, p. 8C.
5. “Obituaries: Ada Virginia Matson,” Mountain Democrat, 10 Jun 2005, p. 13, col. 2; digital images, NewspaperArchive.com (http://www.newspaperarchive.com : accessed 30 Sep 2008).
6. “Lt. Charles E. Matson Claims Arizona Girl As His Bride,” Reno Evening Gazette, 21 Nov 1945, p. 12, col. 4-6; digital images, NewspaperArchive.com (http://www.newspaperarchive.com : accessed 30 Sep 2008).

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Govanstown Cemetery Project

My current work in Cold Genealogy began almost a year ago as an offshoot of research on my maternal line. I began searching for my 3rd great grandfather, Washington Harford, in Baltimore, Maryland. The search eventually yielded an obituary from the Baltimore Sun dated 29 Jun 1875 in which the funeral was cited as being “from the Presbyterian Church at Govanstown.” I tracked down the church online and happily emailed them my information and asked them about records concerning the interment of Washington Harford. The response was prompt and negative! “We have a transcription of our stones and we have no Harfords. The Church suffered a fire in the early 1900’s and there are no records.” The story of my life with this family – another dead end!

Two days later I received an email from a Dr. Anderson, who runs the Cemetery Project for Govanstown Cemetery of the Govans Presbyterian Church. Apparently, even though she had sent me a negative response, the young lady in the office had forwarded my email to Dr. Anderson as he is collecting information on people that may be buried in the Govans Cemetery. He is trying to reconstruct the interment records from family histories and documents that people might have at home. He had a book from 1917 stating that an annual payment was received by the church through 1931 for perpetual care of Lot 90 with the lot being owned originally by Washington Harford. There are no headstones, but there is space for eight graves in the lot and it appears from what few records remain that he purchased all eight. I was able to figure out who most of those eight might be and emailed him copies of the obituaries and a family chart for his files.

In the course of doing the research on Washington Harford, I of course looked for other family members in Govans, I passed several names to Dr. Anderson and he in turn passed back plot information on people with the same surname. I did the research to see if any of them were related to my people and each time came up empty. While I could not prove a relationship to my family, I sent my basic results to Dr. Anderson for his files as each time I was able to come up with a funeral notice or obituary. At the same time, I noticed how much I enjoyed the whole basic search process. So much of what I do now on my lines is the in depth searching for wills and land records to try to prove relationships. This was like the early days when it was just the fun of seeing how far and how fast you could go.

I did not want the fun to end, so one day I emailed Dr. Anderson and offered my assistance. As he found lots with no stones or information, he should email me the name and whatever he knew and I would see what I could do. He had been very helpful to me and I wanted to return the favor. About a week after making my offer to look for his unknown dead, Dr. Anderson sent me the following email,

blockquote If you are still willing, I could use some help on the following: George W. Moses owner of lot 93 where James Moses was interred March 1925. Samuel Whittle. Julia Millard. James Sherndon. All are names that are unusual enough, I hope, and all were buried before 1917. Take your time and thank you for whatever help you can give.

That’s it – all the information that I have to work with. I went first with George Moses and spent four days banging my head against a wall. I was able to construct a family group from the census records because I had two names to work with. I was never able to find any concrete tie to Govanstown, beyond what Dr. Anderson had provided, and that was my primary objective. I also had jumped in with both feet and not kept any real documentation of my research beyond the results – not one of my best moments!!!!

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Scholefield Family Tree

Since I had such success searching for Clara’s side of the family, I’ll try George’s.

First, George himself. To make sure that Google does not automatically “correct” my search I have to put his last name in quotation marks. To narrow further, I also add the name of the state — Arizona. Alternately, I can remove his first name and search with other terms — Tucson, City Council, Rosemont, Greaterville, Helvetia.

The first searches turn up this blog. There are also links to NewspaperArchive.com which link to articles in the Tucson Citizen that report what was happening X number of years ago. When searching with the town names it turns up mostly materials discussing proposed mining in the area because of the spring and canyon which bear the family’s name.

Useful results include a list of Tucson City Councilmembers which reports that George P. Scholefield was elected on 4 Jan 1904 and resigned 2 Jan 1906.1 He served four full half-year terms. Results from the papers already explained the political situation behind the resignation.2

What is most ironic is that Charles M. Scholefield came up in a search for the last name and the state because he was listed on the Political Graveyard site. Another politician on the site was from Arizona. The entry for Charles reports that he was from Oneida County, a republican, served the 1859 and 1862 terms as a reprentative to the New York state assembly from the 1st District, and was an alternate delegate for the Republican National Convention in 1868.3


Changing our search to — charles “scholefield” new york — reveals a Google Books hit in the book Biographical Sketches of the State Officers and Members of the Legislature of the State of New York, in 1859.4

blockquoteMr. Scholefield was born in Goshen, Conn., and is thirty-six years of age. He is the son of a Methodist clergyman, and is one of the same stock to which Sir Henry Scholefield belongs. His paternal grandfather was a Major in the English army for some years, and distinguished himself as a brave and skillful officer. Mr. Scholefield was educated for the profession of the law, and completed his legal course of studies in the city of Utica. He afterwards began the practice of his profession at Whitestown, in that county, where he still resides. He has held the position of Deputy Clerk in the Assembly for several years, and is one of the best parliamentarians on the floor of the House. He is a ready, fluent, and energetic speaker, and seldom allows a discussion to arise in which he does not participate. He has a clear, logical mind, but has the bump of language largely developed, and is a capital fellow to speak against time. He was originally a Whig, but joined the Republican party at its first organization, and is strongly in favor of uniting all the Anti-Democratic forces in the State upon a common platform, as the only safe and reliable means of defeating the National Administration Democracy. Mr. Scholefield is a gentleman of prepossessing personal appearance; is still single; and seldom arises to address the House, without attracting the attention of the fairer portion of the spectators who constantly crowd the gallaries and the open space without the bar of the Chamber.


Additional hits within Google Books return more confirmation that he was an assemblyman from Oneida — which also confirms the 1860 Census which named him as a 37 year old Assembly Member.5 These two records point to a birth year of 1823 and one points to New York as his place of birth and the other Connecticut. The year of birth is quite different than the one on his grave marker (which was likely placed in 1920 at his wife’s death 51 years later and may not be accurate). These facts will need to be checked against additional sources.

Searches using Oneida instead of New York don’t turn up additional useful hits. Also a search for — helen degraff “scholefield” — doesn’t turn up anything we haven’t already located.

Research Plan:

  1. Check 1850 Census for clergymen with the last name of Scholefield who are possibly married to an Abigal.
  2. Check New England Ancestors for Scholefields.

1. FairElect – Tucson, Tucson City Mayors and Councilmembers (http://www.fairelect.org/Elections%20Past/MCHistoryList.pdf : accessed 16 Sep 2008).
2. See post dated 7 Sep 2008.
3. Lawrence Kestenbaum, “Index to Politicians” database, Political Graveyard (http://politicalgraveyard.com : accessed 16 Sep 2008).
4. Wm. D. Murphy, Biographical Sketches of the State Officers and Members of the Legislature of the State of New York, in 1859 (Albany: C. Van Benthuysen, 1859), 217-218; electronic text, Google Books (http://books.google.com : accessed 16 Sep 2008).
5. See post dated 1 Sep 2008.

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Scholefield Family Tree

Remember that Google is your friend. Try a phrase like — “James A Moore” Arizona pioneer — and you discover the following facts:

James A. Moore and Larkin W. Carr came into possession of the stage station in Maricopa Wells in 1870.1 It was the largest station on the road between Yuma and Tucson. One website compared the station to a mini-mall because it held a store, a blacksmith, a restaurant…2 This site also stated that Moore’s twin daughters, Susan and Clara, would sing to travellers during dinner.

Information is also available about one of the names which is familiar to us from the censuses and our wonderings about Matilda’s marriages. Sarah Jane Crampton’s marriage to Charles H. Kenyon was held in Phoenix on 27 Nov 1872.3 And a biographical article about him is posted in the USGenWeb Archives. He was a pony express rider, a merchant, a cattleman and lived in Globe from 1879 until his death in 1906.4 This article states that he and Sarah were the first white couple married in Phoenix and provides the answers to our questions when it reports that Matilda J. was married first to a John V. Crampton and they had three children: Mary (Henry) Fitzgerald, John F. Crampton, and Sarah J. (Charles) Kenyon. Her maiden name is reported as Burnette, and she travelled with her parents to California in 1850. After Crampton’s death which is reported here as 1856, she married James Moore in San Bernardino by whom she had an additional three children: Susie, Clara (George) Schofield, and J. Arthur Moore. James Moore reportedly lost a fortune in his unsucessful mining operations and died in San Francisco. The article also lists Sarah Kenyon’s four children.

An article about Susan’s husband Charles T. Connell is also available. Connell was a sucessful miner and politician.5 He married Susan A. Moore on 20 May 1882, and they had three childen.

Removing the quotes from around the name on our search leads us to the Arizona Pioneer Biographies by Senator Carl Hayden. The typewritten biography of James Armour Moore states that he was born 4 Apr 1825.6 This source confirms that she had married previously, and he adopted the three children by her first marriage. Her maiden name is spelled Burnett by this source. They moved to Arizona in 1863 where he was a merchant and miner. He also held public offices. He died 18 Jul 1883 and was buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery in San Francisco. At this point I slapped my forehead because I was impressed by the coincidences that are present in this world. I know what happened to this cemetery because my great-grandmother’s stillborn brother was buried there. The cemetery no longer exists because San Francisco lawmakers decided that cemeteries were no longer allowed inside of city limits.7 All remains from this cemetery were reportedly relocated to Cypress Hill in Colma. Now I have two people to find.

We now have a basic family sketch of Clara’s parents and siblings.

1. Thomas Edwin Farish, History of Arizona, 8 volumes (San Francisco: Filmer Brothers Electrotype Company, 1915-1918), 6: 66; electronic text, Southwest Electronic Text Center, University of Arizona (http://www.library.arizona.edu/exhibits/swetc : accessed 13 Sep 2008).
2. John Arthur, “Maricopa Wells and the Butterfield Overland Stage” (http://www.sierraestrella.com/wells.html : accessed 13 Sep 2008).
3. Farish, 6: 208-209.
4. USGenWeb Archives (http://files.usgwarchives.org/az/gila/bios/kenyon.txt : accessed 13 Sep 2008), “Charles H. Kenyon,” citing Arizona, the Youngest State, p. 485.
5. USGenWeb Archives (http://files.usgwarchives.org/az/pima/bios/connell.txt : accessed 13 Sep 2008), “Charles T. Connell,” citing History of Arizona, 1896.
6. Department of Archives & Special Collections, “Arizona and Southwestern Index,” database and images, Arizona State University Libraries (http://info.lib.asu.edu/spmi.htm : accessed 13 Sep 2008); Biography of James Armour Moore, item no. 4879; citing “Hayden Arizona Pioneer Biographies Collection” compiled by Senator Carl Hayden.
7. Western Neighborhoods Project, “Laurel Hill Cemetery” (http://www.outsidelands.org/laurel_hill.php : accessed 14 Sep 2008).

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Scholefield Family Tree

Clara Ann (Moore) Scholefield’s family must also be investigated. The census records reported her parents birth places differently almost every year, and her death certificate named her mother as Sarah Jane, but the newspapers reported that Clara’s mother was named M. J. Moore.1

To add to the confusion, as we go back in time from the 1900 Census when Clara was with her husband, she is living with a Horace and Ann Moore in Alameda California in 1880.2

Moore, Horace, W, M, 59, Marr, Clerk in Book Store, New York, NY, NY
——, Ann, W, F, 59, Wife, Marr, New York, NY, NY
——, Susan, W, F, 17, Daughter, Singl, California, NY, NY
——, Clara, W, F, 17, Daughter, Singl, California, NY, NY
——, Arthur, W, M, 13, Son, Singl, Attends School, California, NY, NY
Ann, Susan and Clara have the notation Boarders in the occupation column. It is likely the whole family boarded in the Julian Fox household because there was an erasure in the relationship column next to Horace.

I assume that Horace is a brother to James. Susan, Clara, and Arthur could have been visiting. According to Clara’s obituary3, she was back in Globe by 1882 where she married. Because of the erasures on the page and the extra notation, it is possible that none of the Moores were talked to directly. It was perfectly acceptable for the enumerator to talk to neighbors. Even if he talked to Julian Fox, it cannot be expected that Fox knew all the details about the family.

James and M. J. are in Globe, Pinal County, Arizona, where I had expected the whole family to be.4 However, there are some oddities about this enumeration too.

Moore, M J, W, F, 45, Marr, Hotel keeper, South Carolina, N Carolina, N Carolina
——, James A, W, M, 56, Husband, Marr, Miner, New York, New York, New York
Crampton, John F, W, M, 19, Son, Singl, Hotel keeper, California, Connecticut, S Carolina
Gam, Young, C, M, 35, Singl, Cook, China, China, China
Groves, John S, W, M, 55, Boarder, Marr, Dealer in Cotton, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, Penn
Beard, Wm W, W, M, 45, Boarder, Singl, Mining Supt, New York, NY, NY
Taylor Wm, W, M, 38, Boarder, Singl, Ivory Dealer, Pennsylvania, Penn, Penn
Bachelder, John L, W, M, 35, Boarder, Singl, Carpenter, New Hampshire, New Hamphire, N Hampshire
Cline, Peter, W, M, 51, Boarder, Singl, Millwright, Virginia, Mass, Ireland
Kingsbury, W V, W, M, 54, Boarder, Marr, Miner, Ohio, Mass, Conn
Tuner, George L Sr, W, M, 68, Boarder, Wid, Deputy Marshall, Vermont, Conn, Conn
Turner, Geo L Jr, W, M, 26, Boarder, Singl, Stock raiser, Oregon, Vermon, Ohio
Rowlison, W D, W, M, 50, Boarder, Marr, Carpenter, Virgina, N Jersey, Ireland

Why is M. J. the head of household? Who is the John F. Crampton who is listed as her son? Was she married to another man before she married James A. Moore? John Crampton is noted in her death notice when discussing the fact that she had been living among her children.


In 1870, the family is living in Maricopa Wells, Pima County, Arizona Territory.5

Moore, James A, 42, M, W, Retail Merchant, 5000, 18000, New York, Male Citizen over 21
——, Jane, 34, F, W, Keeping House, South Carolina
——, Mary E, 14, F, W, California
——, Sarah J, 12, F, W, California
——, John F, 9, M, W, California
——, Susan, 7, F, W, California
——, Clara, 7, F, W, California
——, Arthur, 3, M, W, California

It now looks likely that Clara’s mother’s middle name was Jane. With the number of records that point to the first initial of M. it seems that Helen was mistaken when she reported her grandmother’s first name on her mother’s death certificate. She did get the middle name correct though. Note, however, there is a Sarah J(ane?) in the family. Because their ages are similar it seems that John F. Crampton is now named John F. Moore? Were the older girls Mary E. and Sarah J. Cramptons as well? Or was James married previously as well?


Going back to 1860 presents a difficulty when searching for James Moore. There are so many of them that it is very hard to verify which one he is (and no, there are none in San Bernardino who are of the correct age). However, when searching for his wife by checking for Cramptons in San Bernardino, the apparent family structure of the following record seems to confirm that Matilda Jane did marry a Crampton and that her three oldest children were from that marriage.6 The only reason to say that it seems to confirm is because this census did not list familial relationships.

John Crampton, 26, M, Teamster, $100 personal estate, Connecticut
Matilda J ——, 23, F, S. Carolina
Mary E ——, 3, F, California
Sarah J ——, 1, F, California
Wesley Smith, 24, M, Laborer, Ohio


Once again, 1850 is impossible when it comes to locating James without more information. And because Matilda Jane ______ Crampton Moore was likely not married at age 23, it might be difficult to find her. She may be located under just her first name, age, and place of birth — but only if that combination is unique. So, I’ll be right back (wish me luck)…

You weren’t wishing hard enough! There are 20+ Matildas born just in 1834 in SC and none living in California. And Jane is just too common.

Looking at our previous research into the censuses, I now know that the M. J. Moore and J. Arthur Moore in the 1900 Census are related.

Research Plan:

  1. Search for John Crampton (or is he Moore) in later censuses. He should be near his mother.
  2. Research and fill in information about Clara’s siblings.
  3. Check search engines for James A. Moore in the hopes of narrowing down a search window to locate him on early censuses.
  4. Check for California marriage records to see if Matilda Jane’s two marriages can be located. Her maiden name is needed.

1. See post dated 21 Aug 2008 for census information; See post dated 17 Aug 2008 for her death certificate; “Touching Arizona,” Weekly Republican, 14 Feb 1901, p. 6, col. 4; digital images, GenealogyBank.com (http://www.genealogybank.com : accessed 5 Sep 2008), Historical Newspapers.
2. 1880 U.S. census, Alameda County, California, population schedule, Alameda, enumeration district (ED) 30, p. 13 (handwritten), 640 (stamped), dwelling 130, family 133, Horace Moore household which was not numbered separately from the Julius Fox household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 13 Sep 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T9, roll 62.
3. See post dated 23 Aug 2008.
4. 1880 U.S. census, Pinal County, Arizona, population schedule, Globe, enumeration district (ED) 12, p. 20 (handwritten), 402 (reverse, stamped), dwelling 82, family 89, M. J. Moore household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 13 Sep 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T9, roll 37.
5. 1870 U.S. census, Pima County, Arizona Territory, population schedule, Maricopa Wells, p. 1 (handwritten), 32 (stamped), dwelling 2, family 2, James A. Moore household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 13 Sep 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M593, roll 46.

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Scholefield Family Tree

It seems that an attempt to verify the statement from George’s obituary that he was a member of the posse that captured Geronimo is near impossible to confirm online.

Articles currently available online about Geronimo’s capture are:
Captain Lawton’s Campaign as recounted by Captain Leonard Wood
and
General Nelson Miles and the Expedition to Capture Geronimo

Essentially it boils down to the story that Geronimo and Naiche had initially surrendered in 1886 but then escaped and continued on their own way. General Miles directed Lieut. Lawton, who led his men into Mexico, to bring Geronimo back dead or alive. Miles also sent Lieut. Gatewood who eventually joined Lawton and found that Geronimo wished to peacefully surrender. The terms were eventually accepted and Geronimo agreed to follow the rest of his people to Florida. The hunt for Geronimo lasted from April through August and his and Naiche’s surrenders marked the end of the Apache Wars.

The assertion that Scholefield was a member of a “posse” is likely incorrect because the capture was a military affair. According to Wikipedia, Lawton commanded B Troop, 4th Cavalry, based out of Ft. Huachuca. It is possible that George joined the cavalry, but those enlistment records are not currently available online.

If I am so inclined, the search of military records of southern Arizona may be completed at the Arizona Historical Society. It will mean a fieldtrip to the University of Arizona.

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Scholefield Family Tree

I posted the photographs of the graves located in Tucson to Find A Grave. While I was there, I searched the database for other Scholefields since the name is uncommon. Only 49 memorials have that last name (including the three I added).

One is an entry for George Parsons Scholefield who was born in 1860 but is listed with an unknown death date. Since the George I have been tracing has the same birthdate, I checked it out and discovered that the person who posted this memorial posted the BACKSIDE of a stone and added the data as if the people were acutally buried there (and, yes, I tried to point this out to the person, and she refuses to understand the concern and got touchy when I suggested to her how she could make the situation clearer).

Luckily, since this is the same George, and the person did photograph both sides of the stone in question, memorials were also created for his parents1 (however, their memorials are missing the backside of their stone ::sigh::).

Spencertown Cemetery
Spencertown
Columbia County
New York

Major Charles M. Scholefield
1819 – 1869
Helen Marr DeGraff
His Wife
1842 – 1920
Faithful Unto Death

Their Children
George Parsons Scholefield
1860 – ____
Virginia Scholefield McMillan
1862 – ____
Florence Scholefield Shaw
1864 – ____
Mae Scholefield Edwords
1869 – 1917

Hunting through the other memorials in the cemetery, I find that Florence is buried in Spencertown Cemetery with N. Archibald Shaw.2 He is presumably her husband. Her death date is listed there as 1923. Mae’s middle name turns out to be Stuart, and she married a man named Guy J. Edwords.3 Virginia is not buried there under the last name McMillan.

The foremost question to be answered after locating this cemetery is: Why is the family buried in Columbia County, New York, instead of Oneida County where they lived from 1850-1870? Especially since that date includes Charles’s death date of 1869? And most especially since Utica and Spencertown are 125 miles apart?

Research Plan:

  1. Determine the family connection to Spencertown.
  2. Locate George’s siblings on the censuses to fill in the basic information about their families.

1. Jim Tipton, Find A Grave, digital images (http://www.findagrave.com : accessed 11 Sep 2008), photograph, Major Charles M. Scholefield (1819-1869) and Helen Marr DeGraff Scholefield (1842-1920) gravemarker, Spencertown Cemetery, Spencertown, Columbia, New York.
2. Ibid., photograph, N. Archibald Shaw (1861-1835) and Florence Scholefield Shaw (1864-1923) gravemarker, Spencertown Cemetery, Spencertown, Columbia, New York.
3. Ibid., photograph, Mae Stuart Scholefield Edwords (1870-1917) gravemarker, Spencertown Cemetery, Spencertown, Columbia, New York.

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Scholefield Family Tree

When examining the Arizona papers available by subscription in GenealogyBank.com‘s Historical Newspaper Collection, there are many hits for the name Scholefield. In addition, there are hits for variations of the name, amounting to over one thousand hits. Those alternates searched: Schofield, Scholfield, Sholefield, Sholfield, Shofield, also the previous as feild, Scholfleld, Scofleld, Schofleld, Scholefleld. (Yes, that is f-L-e-l-d! The papers were run through OCR software that “saw” the dot on the i, blurred and bled, as an l. There are also several other name variations that can be searched, but since there were more results than those I listed below, they can be searched if needed later.)

The papers that are available for the area extending from Phoenix south after about 1885 when the family moved to Tucson are: Tucson Daily Citizen, 10/15/1870 – 12/31/1922; Tombstone Epitaph Prospector, 5/1/1880 – 12/31/1899; Phoenix Weekly Herald, 1/2/1896 – 6/22/1899; Weekly Republican, 6/29/1899 – 3/7/1901.

Throughout the papers one will find notices that Scholefield inspected a bunch of cattle as part of his duties as cattle inspector. The Weekly Republican carried notices that G. P. Scholefield sold many strays between the years 1899-1900. It also ran a notice that G. M. Scholefield was the cattle inspector based in Tucson (the middle initial is not much of a concern because of the middle of Major which George gave to his son). On 9 Jun 1898 the Phoenix Weekly Herald stated that according to the estimate of inspector Schofield of Tucson, 20,000 would be the approximate number of cattle to be shipped from Tucson during the spring and summer.

One of the first mentions of George was in the Tombstone Epitaph Prospector on 28 Mar 1886 as a witness who could prove the residence of Frederick M. Moore, both of whom were of Total Wreck. Moore was attempting to file a pre-emption claim on his land. (Was Moore related to Clara?) The notice was published several times in accordance with the law. In the same paper on 22 Oct 1889, notice was made that Mr. Geo. P. Schofield, of the Santa Ritas, had been appointed by Frank P. Clark, U.S. Custom collector at El Paso, deputy collector of customs for the district of Paso Del Norte, with headquarters at La Noria. On 24 Jul 1890, there is mention of hail storm which had swept through Pima county, carrying away orchards and gardens and drowning stock and horses in the vicinity of Schofield’s ranch. On 13 Aug 1900 the Prescott Mourning Courier reprinted a story from the Tucson Post of 10 Aug that George Scholefield reported that a man named Gavino and his son were struck by lightning at Greaterville last Saturday. Those who currently live in Arizona will recognize these as monsoon storms which include large amounts of lighting and can drop hail as well as down trees or rip off a roof in a microburst and sweep away cars in a flash-flood. Monsoon storms still make the news every year from June through September!

On 12 Jun 1900 the Arizona Daily Citizen (later the Tucson Citizen) reported that a deed was filed in the recorders office today transferring the St. Helena ranch located in the Santa Ritas not far from Barrel Canyon from George and C. A. Scholfield and wife to Walter Vail.

On a trip to Phoenix, George P. Scholefield compared the street car system to that of his Tucson home. His comments were published in the Republican Herald on 14 Feb 1901. The one mule and one car in Tucson, he said, has a better schedule than the Phoenix system. The mule has a definite pace, and there is no danger of a grounded electrical current. The only difficulty faced by the mule is mud covering the tracks, causing detours and delays as the trail is found.

Scholefield’s political career actually began with defeat. The Arizona Daily Citizen reported on 10 Dec 1901 that he ran against Sam Barkley, who was the democratic candidate for the first ward, which was traditionally republican. Scholefield lost and Barkley’s popularity was cited as the reason. During his time on the Council, George P. Scholefield was known for his favoring annexation. He cited several reasons including the fact that those who live outside the city limits still reap the benefits of living near a city of 15,000 residents and work in the city limits. Also, they expect city fire service but are unwilling to pay the taxes that enable the service to continue. One night when there were many dogs barking outside, he threatened to move that the poundmaster be required to attend meetings of the City Council.
(more…)

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Scholefield Family Tree

We visited the Evergreen Cemetery in Tucson, Arizona, today and located all the members of this family who are buried in Tucson (that we know of so far!).

In Block 1, Section F (Elks)1

  • Armour M. Scholefield, 29 Jul 1883 – 30 Nov 1906 [He was moved from the Citizen’s Cemetery when it closed and the land was sold for private development.]
  • George P. Scholefield, 23 May 1860 – 31 Aug 1942
  • Clara Ann Scholefield, 2 May 1863 – 27 Nov 1947
Scholefield grave marker

Scholefield grave marker


In Block 42, Section A2

  • A. Major Brodie, 1909 – 1970
  • Helen M. Brodie, 1886 – 1957
Brodie grave marker

Brodie grave marker

1. Evergreen Cemetery and Mortuary (Tucson, Pima, Arizona), Scholefield family marker, block 1, section F; personally read, 2008.
2. Ibid., Brodie family marker, block 42, section A; personally read, 2008.

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Scholefield Family Tree

To attempt to identify George’s family and verify the names of his parents from his death certificate, older censuses should be checked. These are the findings:

In 1880, George is living with his mother Helen in Utica, Oneida, New York, at 8 Park Avenue:1

Scholefield, Helen M., W, F, 38, Widowed, Housekeeper, New York, NY, Scotland
——, George, W, M, 20, Son, Single, Clerk in Store, New York, NY, NY
——, Jennie, W, F, 18, Daughter, Single, Student, New York, NY, NY
——, Florence, W, F, 15, Daughter, Single, Student, Washington, NY, NY
——, May, W, F, 10, Daughter, Attended school, New York, NY, NY


George was also with his mother 10 years earlier. This census does not record marital status so since no obvious father is present, one might assume that he died before 1870 when his family was enumerated in Whitestown, Oneida, New York, New York Mills Post Office:2

Scofield, Helen M., 30, F, W, Keeping House, $4000, New York
——, George P., 10, M, W, at school, New York, attended school
——, Mary V., 8, F, W, New York
——, Florence, 5, F, W, New York
——, Mae S, 6/12, F, W, New York, born in Dec


In 1860 George’s father Charles appears in the census in Whitestown:3

Chas. M. Scholefield, 37, M, Member Assembly, $2000, $1000, NY
Helen M. ——, 20, F, NY
Geo. ——, 1/12, M, NY
Abigal ——, 70, F, CT
Charlotte ——, 20 or 26, F, NY


The woman named Abigal is of an age to potentially be Charles’s mother. And Charlotte appears to be a sister. In 1850, Charles is not living with his parents (which may present problems as I attempt to push this line back), but a Charlotte is enumerated in the same hotel:4

In hotel of David L Wood:
Charles M. Scolfield, 33, M, Lawyer, NY
Charlotte M. Scofield, 24, F, NY
a few lines down
George Scolfield, 28, M, Farmer, NY

If Charlotte is the same, her age changes drastically between the censuses, but if she remained single for so long, she or others consulted may have had reason to give an inaccurate age.

Research Plan:

  1. Investigate Abigal and Charlotte Scholefield in censuses.
  2. Check www.usgenweb.org for resources in Onieda County.

1. 1880 U.S. census, Oneida County, New York, population schedule, Utica, enumeration district (ED) 130, p. 15 (handwritten), 101 (stamped), dwelling 124, family 133, Helen M. Scholefield household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 1 Sep 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T9, roll 904.
2. 1870 U.S. census, Oneida County, New York, population schedule, Whitestown, p. 83 (handwritten), 637 (stamped), dwelling 598, family 652, Helen M. Scofield household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 1 Sep 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M593, roll 1057.
3. 1860 U.S. census, Onieda County, New York, population schedule, Whitestown, p. 77 (enumerator’s on left), 307 (right), dwelling 626, family 619, Chas. M. Scholefield household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 1 Sep 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M653, roll 825.
4. 1850 U.S. census, Oneida County, New York, population schedule, Whitestown, p. 139 (handwritten, 70 (stamped), dwelling 710, family 711, Charles M. Scolfield in household of hotel keeper David L Wood; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 1 Sep 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M432, roll 564.

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