Scholefield Family Tree

Much has already been located about George and Clara’s immediate family, but are there any relatives nearby? Usually siblings move together. Because Scholefield is an uncommon last name, it will be beneficial to check for possible family members.

In 1930, the only Scholefields in the entire state are George and Clara and Carl with his wife and five children who are living in Paradise, Cochise, Arizona.1

In 1920, Carl and his family are located on the census one page away from his parents in Rosemont, Pima, Arizona.2 There are no other Scholefields in the state.

In 1910 and 1900, George’s family are the only Scholefields in Arizona.

The question then must be asked: What benefit to checking the Schofields? The only way to determine that is to check…

  • 1930 — None in Pima or Gila Counties. In the rest of Arizona, none were born in New York (where George and his parents were born).
  • 1920 — Same.
  • 1910 — Ditto.
  • 1900 — No surprises.


I could continue to search variations, but right now it seems that the best plan is to investigate George’s parents.

When considering the Moores only those in certain areas will be of interest because the name is so common. Because George and Clara were married in Globe, Gila, Arizona, Moores in that area are more likely to be related.3 (Those in the Tucson area are too numerous to waste time guessing with no further information.)

  • 1930 — There are 17 Moores in Globe whose places of birth and dates are not of interest.
  • 1920 — There are 16 Moores in Globe who are not interesting.
  • 1910 — 9 uninteresting Moores in Globe.
  • 1900 — A widowed M. J. Moore born Aug 1836 in South Carolina is interesting because some censuses reported that Clara’s mother was born there.4 Also a J. Arthur Moore born Aug 1866 in California looks promising as a possible brother of Clara eventhough his parents places of birth are listed as unknown.5


Now I will move onto checking the older censuses for Clara living with her father and mother.

1. 1930 U.S. census, Cochise County, Arizona, population schedule, Paradise Election District, Coronado Forest, enumeration district (ED) 56, sheet 1A, p. 67 (stamped), dwelling 1, family 1, Carl B. Scholefield household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 29 Aug 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T626, roll 56.
2. 1920 U.S. census, Pima County, Arizona, population schedule, Rosemont Precinct, enumeration district (ED) 86, sheet 6A, p. 31 (stamped), dwelling 49, family 51, Carl B. Scholefield household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 29 Aug 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T625, roll 51.
3. “Pioneer Dies At His Home; Long Active,” Tucson Daily Citizen, 31 Aug 1942, p. 7, col. 3; “City Pioneer Is Dead at 84,” Tucson Daily Citizen, 28 Nov 1947, p. 2, col. 4 [See post dated 23 Aug 2008].
4. 1900 U.S. census, Gila County, Arizona, population schedule, Globe, enumeration district (ED) 18, sheet 8A, p. 235, dwelling 197, family 201, M. J. Moore household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 29 Aug 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T623, roll 45.
5. Ibid., sheet 1B, p. 235, dwelling 19, family 19, J. Arthur Moore household.

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Scholefield Family Tree

The Bureau of Land Management maintains a database of the General Land Office Records which report the transfer of federal lands. Because the obituaries for the family mention that George homesteaded land, a patent should be available.

A search of the patents (see the green bar near the top) for Scholefield reveals that George P. Scholefield homesteaded the following property:

blockquoteNortheast quarter of Section twenty-one in Township eighteen south of Range sixteen east of the Gila and Salt River Meridian, Arizona, containing one hundred sixty acres.1

The patent is dated 24 Feb 1908.

This property is on the map which was located previously. George owned the northeast corner of the red square that has the number 21 in it. The family lived at the end of the canyon that bears their named and the Hidden Valley Ranch is within the quarter section he owned.

1. Bureau of Land Management, “Land Patent Search,” digital images, General Land Office Records (http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/PatentSearch : accessed 26 Aug 2008), George P. Scholefield, (Pima County, Arizona), Phoenix land office, homestead patent no. 164.

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Scholefield Family Tree

Based on the 1910-1930 Censuses reporting that the Scholefields lived in Rosemont Precinct and in the Vail-Helvetia area, the Scholefield Springs and Scholefield Canyon in the Santa Rita Mountains seem to be named after them.1 Additionally the nearby Hidden Valley Ranch carries a name very similar to Hidden Springs and is at the end of Hidden Springs Road, so it is likely the new name of the family’s ranch. The Hellena Mine is north of the area and that might be why the ranch was also called St. Helena.

1. United States Geological Survey, “Geographic Names Information System” database (http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic : accessed 24 Aug 2008), entries for Scholefield Canyon and Scholefield Springs; ACME Laboratories, “ACME Mapper 2.0” digital maps (http://mapper.acme.com : accessed 24 Aug 2008); original maps from Google.com and Geological Survey Topographic Map: Arizona, Empire Ranch Quadrangle, 7.5′ Series, 1981.

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Scholefield Family Tree

The first place I began my search for articles regarding the Scholefield family was at the time of George and Clara’s deaths. Their obituaries were published in the local paper.

The vitals from George Scholefield’s obit:1
Died: 31 Aug 1942
Resident of AZ for 63 years (came from Utica, NY, at age 19)
Home: 3914 E. Monte Vista Dr.
Wife: Clara A. Scholefield (married 1882)
Daughter: Helen Brodie
Son: Carl B. Scholefield of Globe
Occupations:
1879 — Silver King Mine in Globe (later Old Dominion Mine)
1885 — homesteaded a ranch in the Santa Rita Mountains
1898-1924 — became the first cattle inspector for the territory of Arizona
1904-1916 — councilman-at-large in Tucson
1940 — retired from ranching and moved to Tucson
Politics: Early Republican, later affiliated with the Democrats. Held several offices.
First man to be initiated into the Elks in the territory, lifetime member
Funeral: Wed, 10am, Reilly mortuary chapel
Burial: Elks plot in Evergreen

blockquoteThe Scholefields were living on the ranch during the time of the Apache Indian raids when several families living near them were killed. They were not molested, but Geronimo and his band stole horses and cattle from the ranch. Mr. Scholefield was a member of the posse headed by Lieut. Lawton which finally caught Geronimo.1

Vitals from Clara Ann Scholefield’s obituary: 2
Died: 27 Nov 1947
Age: 84
Died at home of daughter Helen Brodie, 929 N. Hoff St.
Funeral: 3 pm, Saturday, Reilly’s chapel
Burial: beside her husband in the Elk’s plot of Evergreen Cemetery
Husband: George Scholefield, pioneer peace officer, cattle inspector, rancher, died 1942
Born in San Bernardino, Calif.
Father operated the stage between Yuma and Maricopa Wells
Married in 1883 in Globe
Homesteaded the St. Helena Ranch near Rosemont in the Santa Rita Mtns. Lived there for 47 years. Ranch sold in early 30s. Moved to Tucson.
Daughter: Helen Brodie
Son: Carl, Arivaipa canyon
6 grandchildren
2 great-grandchildren

Helen Scholefield Brodie’s obituary was also located:3
Died: 17 Jul 1957
Age: 71
Retired from county assessor’s office 18 months ago with 34 years of service.
Native Tusconian born 5 Mar 1886 in a house on Stone Ave.
Daughter of George P. Scholefield, Tucson police chief, fire marshall, cattle inspector who homesteaded the Hidden Springs Ranch in the Santa Rita Mts.
Schools: St. Joseph’s Convent, University of Arizona preparatory school
Episcopalian
Member of Civic and Business Women’s clubs
Funeral: Reilly Funeral Home, private
Residence: 929 N. Hoff Ave.

blockquoteDean of all county employees when she retired in December of 1955, Mrs. Brodie for years had been chief of the transfer section in the assessor’s office. She took copies of the deeds and entered the changes in property ownership on the assessor’s books.3

A death announcement in the same paper adds:4
Died after an illness of 18 months
B. & P. W. Club, Zonia, Cordon Club, Women of the Moose
Mother of A. Major Brodie of Tucson
Sister of Carl Scholefield of Thatcher
Aunt of Blissie Lee of Globe, Katherine Schnitter of Reno, Nev., Virginia Matterson of Placerville, Calif., and George Scholefield of Butte, Mont.

These obituaries give the ranch owned by the Scholefields several names. They also provide dates regarding the movement of the family which conflict with those reported on the death certificates as well as disagreeing with each other about when the ranch was sold. The disagreements could simply be chalked up to time and human error.

Research Plan:

  1. Check online maps. Is there a ranch under either of the names provided in the obituaries?
  2. Check online BLM records for homestead.
  3. Investigate history of area especially in regards to Geronimo and Lieut. Lawton’s posse.

1. “Pioneer Dies At His Home; Long Active,” Tucson Daily Citizen, 31 Aug 1942, p. 7, col. 3; digital images, NewspaperArchive.com (http://www.newspaperarchive.com : accessed 23 Aug 2008).
2. Ibid., “City Pioneer Is Dead at 84,” 28 Nov 1947, p. 2, col. 4.
3. Ibid., “Mrs. Brodie Dies; Retired County Aide,” 18 Jul 1957, p. 28, col. 5.
4. Ibid., “Deaths: BRODIE, Helen Scholefield,” 18 Jul 1957, p. 29, col. 7.

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Scholefield Family Tree

Pushing back through the years may confirm the findings from the Arizona Vital Records regarding Armour, Helen, and Carl.

As we trace the family back, the 1920 Census of Rosemont Precinct, Pima, Arizona, does not provide information about George and Clara’s children because the two are the only members of the household. 1 They are living in the State Road Camps near a wide variety of people, most of whom report working on the state highway. Information about George’s vitals matches what was reported on the 1930 Census. His occupation is also similar — stock raiser, cattle ranch. He owns the property and has no mortgage and was farm 13 on the schedule. Clara’s vitals also match the later census.


The 1910 Census for Rosemont Precinct includes Carl B. age 22 as a son in the Scholefield household.2 Carl was born in Arizona, had not yet married, worked as a Ranger for the US Forest [Service], and had been employed the whole year. George and Clara are reported to be in their first marrage of 28 years, and Clara reported having borne 3 children with 2 still living. Clara’s parent’s birth places are reported differently here: father born in England, mother born in North Carolina. George is reported as an employer who owned his farm and held a mortgage. The farm was the first on its schedule. The note “Coronado National Forest” which is at the top of the page seems to imply that the few persons enumerated on this page were within the boundaries.

What is most impressive about the 1910 Census is that George was the enumerator! This makes the information reported this year appear to be the most accurate — after all, he should know where his wife’s parents were born.

Geo. P. Scholefield, Enumerator

Geo. P. Scholefield, Enumerator


In 1900 the family is located at 628 North Ninth, Tucson, Pima, Arizona Territory.3 All three posited children are in the household this year.
— George is reported to have been born May 1860 in New York. His father was born in England, and his mother in New York. He is a cattle inspector who owns a farm with a mortgage (farm number 30).
— Clara was born May 1863 in California. She has borne 3 children, all still living. Her father was born in New York, and her mother in South Carolina.
— Armour M. is their son born July 1883 in Arizona.
— Helen M. is their daughter born Mar 1886 in Arizona.
— “Harl” B. is their son born April 1888 in Arizona.
All the children attended school for 8 months that year.
— Additionally, a widowed servant, Francesa Espinosa, is living in the home. She was born Oct 1864 in Mexico. Her parents were also born in Mexico, and she had been in the country since 1879. She could neither read, write, or speak English.
The address that the family was at in 1900 continued to be their home at least through 1906 when Armour died. Therefore, George, Clara, and Carl moved to Rosemont between 1906-1910.

For those who are new to genealogy, the 1890 Census was partially destroyed by fire or damaged by the water used to fight the fire.4 Later the majority of remnants were disposed of by the government. No records from Arizona survived.

The censuses confirm that Armour M., Helen M., and Carl Burnett Scholefield are the children of George P. and Clara Ann.

Research Plan:

  1. Check the Tucson Daily Citizen for mention of the family. Various years of this paper are available by subscription at GenealogyBank and NewspaperArchive.
  2. Locate George and Clara in with their parents in censuses for 1880 and 1870.

1. 1920 U.S. census, Pima County, Arizona, population schedule, Rosemont Precinct, enumeration district (ED) 86, sheet 6B, p. 31 (reverse, stamped), dwelling 53, family 55, George P. Scholefield household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 21 Aug 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T625, roll 51.
2. 1910 U.S. census, Pima County, Arizona, population schedule, Rosemont Precinct, enumeration district (ED) 91, sheet 3B, p. 74 (reverse, stamped), dwelling 17, family 17, George Scholefield household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 21 Aug 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T624, roll 41.
3. 1900 U.S. census, Pima County, Arizona Territory, population schedule, Tucson, enumeration district (ED) 49, sheet 29A, p. 126 (stamped), dwelling 672, family 686, George P. Scholefield household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 21 Aug 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T623, roll 47.
4. Don Pusch, “The 1890 Census: Sifting Through the Ashes,” The CLF Newsletter XIII (May 1999): 8-10; archived newsletter articles, Clayton Library Friends (http://www.claytonlibraryfriends.org/Resources/ ArchivedNewsletterArticles/tabid/115/ctl/Detail/mid/954/xmid/77/xmfid/10/Default.aspx : accessed 21 Aug 2008)

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Scholefield Family Tree

Anyone working with people who were born or died in the early part of the 1900s in Arizona will find themselves in luck. The Arizona Department of Health Services has scanned birth and death records and placed them online. Since Geo. P. and Clara A. Scholefield were in their 60s in 1930, if they continued to live in Arizona up until the times of their deaths, their certificates should be available.

And the certificates are in fact there:

George P. Scholefield died 31 Aug 1942.1 He died at home: 3914 E Monte Vista Drive in Tucson, Pima, Arizona. The informant for his death was Helen Brodie who lived at 929 N. Hoff. It is now confirmed that Geo. is an abbreviation for George as this man is confirmed to be the white, retired cattleman who was married at the time of his death to 79 year old Clara A. Scholefield. His birthdate was recorded as 21 May 1860 in Utica, New York, to Charles Scholefield and Helen DeGraf. Charles’s birthplace is unknown, Helen’s is Scotland. George died of chronic myocarditis and was buried 2 Sep 1942 in Evergreen Cemetery in Tucson. Reilly Undertaking handled the funeral. George reportedly lived in Arizona for 63 years, meaning he moved in 1879. He lived in the community for 55 years, so he had lived in or near Tucson since 1887.

Clara Ann Scholefield died 27 Nov 1947.2 She died at home: 929 N. Hoff St. in Tucson, Pima, Arizona. The informant for the death was Helen Brodie who lived at the same address. Clara is also confirmed to be the white, homemaker widow of Geo. P. Scholefield. Her birthdate was recorded as 2 May 1863 in San Bernardino, California. Her father was James A. Moore who was born in California; her mother was Sarah Jane __?__ who was also born in California. Clara died of cerebral hemorrhage and was buried on 29 Nov 1947 at Evergreen Cemetery in Tucson. The funeral was handled by Reilly Undertaking. Clara was reported to be a 65 year resident of the community and the state of Arizona which would mean she had moved in 1882. This does not agree with the date her husband moved to Tucson, but was secondhand information from Helen (a daughter — see below) who had not been born 65 years earlier.

Additional certificates of interest:

Armour M. Scholefield appears to be George and Clara’s son eventhough they are not named on his death certificate. His parents are reported as born in Utica, New York, and San Bernardino, California, which match George and Clara’s birthplaces. He was born 29 Jul 1883 in Globe, Arizona, and died 30 Nov 1906 at 628 N. 9th Ave, Tucson, Pima, Arizona, of typhoid fever.3 He was white, single, and worked as a U. S. Forest Ranger. He had lived in Tucson for 21 years (since 1885). The undertaker was Reilly and burial was in the Citizen’s Cemetery. The Citizen’s Cemetery is now defunct and, if moved, Armour is likely in Evergreen Cemetery.

Helen M. Brodie’s death certificate reports that she is the daughter of George Schoelfield (born in New York) and Clara Ann Moore (born in California).4 Helen was born 5 Mar 1886 in Tucson, Arizona. She married and later divorced Max Brodie. She was a white, retired dept. assessor and died at home at 827 East Adelaide which was inside Tucson city limits. She lived had her whole live in Tucson and died of a cerebral vascular accident due to arteriosclerosis on 17 Jul 1957. Helen and Armour are confirmed as siblings because Helen named her son who was born in 1909 after her brother. A. Major Brodie was the informant at her death. Reilly Funeral Home handled the funeral and Helen was buried in Evergreen Cemetery. Her Social Security number was 527-44-7363.

Between 1913 and 1919 there are certificates for three girls born to Carl Burnett Scholefield and Alice Hester Bradfield.5 Carl was reportely born about 1888 in Globe or Tucson, Arizona, and was a forest ranger. This would mean that he is of an age to be a child of George and Clara. Carl and Armour are likely siblings since they might have born in the same place and shared an occupation. Carl and Helen are likely siblings if he was born in Tucson. Additional research is needed to confirm. 

I also searched for variants of the name George Scholefield (Geo* Sch*, Geo* Sho*), variants of Scholefield (Shol*, Shoe*, Shof*, Scho*), and for anyone who had the names Clara and Moore appearing on the records. There are several Schofields and Scholfields, but their birth information or places of residence are not yet significant to this search. A bit more digging might turn up birth records for Armour, Helen, and Carl in Gila or Pima County (though records that early are very sparse).

Since the 1930 Census reported that George and Clara married about 1882, and based on the length of time they reportedly lived in Arizona, it now seems likely that they married in Arizona. Three children have been located (one with less certainty): Armour M. Scholefield, Carl Burnett Scholefield, and Helen Brodie. Since Armour was born in Globe, Arizona, George and Clara may have married in Gila County.

Research Plan:

  1. If I did not live in Tucson, I would request a photograph of the stones in Evergreen Cemetery on Find A Grave. Instead, I will get them the next time I visit the cemetery myself. I will also check stones nearby and ask after others who might be buried in the cemetery, checking especially for Armour.
  2. Locate census records for the Scholefield household for years before 1930. This will confirm children’s names.
  3. Search Arizona marriage records (especially Gila County).
  4. Search creatively for children’s birth certificates.

1. Arizona Department of Health Services, death certificate no. 430 (1942), George P. Scholefield; digital image, Arizona Genealogy Death Certificates (http://genealogy.az.gov : accessed 17 Aug 2008).
2. Ibid., death certificate no. 511 (1947), Clara Ann Scholefield.
3. Ibid., death certificate no. 305 (1906), Armour M. Scholefield.
4. Ibid., death certificate no. 4822 (1957), Helen M. Brodie.
5. I am not yet publishing dates for Helen’s son and Carl’s three children as they may be living.

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Scholefield Family Tree 

My first cold case for the internet:

How random can you get? Instead of just randomly clicking in an Ancestry.com window, I decided to be a bit less random. I wanted to begin by working with a family that had a local connection. However, there were few people who lived in the area of town where I currently live, so I decided to pick someone from the Vail-Helvetia area which is south of us. We recently visited a friend down in Vail — and came home with two ferrets — so it seemed like a decent “random” location to pick.

There is only one page with a total of 32 people in the precinct in the 1930 Census. To make sure that I would have a chance of finding the family, I “randomly” (you see how this random thing is going already!) picked the following couple:

1930 Scholefield Household

1930 Scholefield Household

Geo. P. Scholefield was the head of this household which included only one other person, his wife Clara A.1 The enumerator reported that Geo. was 69 at his last birthday and was therefore born about 1861 in New York, the same location as both of his parents. He was working on his own account as a rancher on his general ranch which was valued at $500. The ranch was valued lower than others in the area and was farm number three of six in the area (the farm schedules no longer exist).

Clara A. was reported to be a 66 year old homemaker who was born about 1864 in California. Her father was born in New York; her mother was born in South Dakota.

The couple was married when Geo. was 21 and Clara was 19. The year would have been about 1882. Both could read and write and spoke English. They also owned a radio set, one of four in the area (nine households reported no radio).

Looking at the other families in the area (a good thing to check since sometimes families and friends move together) there are no obvious siblings. I say that because no one else shares their surname; additionally, there is only one other person born in New York who is about the same age as Geo. and Clara and none were born in California. No children, including possible married daughters, are evident since there are no persons of an appropriate age whose parents are reportely born in New York and California. The one person who was born in New York is Mike Hiner; his wife was born in Wisconsin. Since he is a driller in a lode mine, he likely is not a friend who would have migrated with Geo.

Geo. is likely an abbreviation for George, but additional sources are needed to confirm. It could even be an abbreviation for Geoffrey or any number of alternate forms of Geoff or George. (Hint: Behind the Name lists 14 male names that begin with Geo.)

Research Plan:

  1. Check 1930 Census for Scholefields (and variants) in Pima County, Arizona.
  2. Check online Arizona birth and death certificates for Scholefields.
  3. Check online family trees for Geo. and Clara.

1. 1930 U.S. census, Pima County, Arizona, population schedule, Vail-Helvetia Election District, enumeration district (ED) 62, sheet 1A, p. 108 (stamped), dwelling 9, family 9, Geo. P. Scholefield household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 16 Aug 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T626, roll 62.

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This blog is a place for us to find random dead by conducting “cold genealogy*” for families who are not related to our own. The term is appropriate becase we approach a case knowing absolutely nothing about the family we are researching. Whomever we randomly choose, we will use resources available online and present research bits as we find them. The eventual goal is to compile family histories for these random adoptees. We might dig up information on someone who is in your family!

*Term coined by Donna Potter Phillips in “Cold Case Research: Genealogy Style,” Internet Genealogy 3 (Sept 2008): 17.

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